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Flashcards in Cancer Deck (56):
1

Does not spread

Benign

2

Encapsulated

Doesn't spread

3

Me stashed to other parts of the body

Malignant

4

Most important risk factor to skin cancer

Overexposure to uv radiation

5

Gradually forms an ulcer with firm raised border

Squamous cell

6

How many people in America develop skin cancer

1 in 5

7

Metastasizes rapidly to lymph and blood vessels

Melanoma

8

Other ways you can develop skin cancer

Irritation from infection
Chemicals
Physical trauma

10

How large must the diameter be for it be melanoma

6 mm

11

Arises from stratum spinosum

Squamous cell

12

Arises from stratum basale

Basal cell

15

What percent of basal cell is cured

99%

16

Grows quickly and metastasizes to lymph nodes if not removed

Squamous cell

17

Slow growing, metastasis seldom occurs

Basal cell

18

What cause squamous cell

Sun

19

Scaly reddened Papule

Squamous cell

20

By age fifty how many hair follicles does a person have

Dropped by 1/3 and continues to decline which leads to thinning or baldness

21

Most common type of cancer

Skin

22

Cancer of melanocytes

Malignant melanoma

23

Small rounded elevation

Papule

24

What percent of skin cancers are melanoma

5

25

Shiny dome shaped nodules with a central pearly beaded edge

Basal cell

26

Most deadly

Melanoma

27

What causes bags under the eyes

Decreasing elasticity and loss of subcutaneous tissue

28

C

Color

29

During old age what happens to the amount of subcutaneous tissue

Decreased which leads to intolerance of cold

30

What is survival rate of melanoma

Fifty percent

31

Where is basal cell normally found

Overexposed regions of face

32

Where does melanoma begin

Wherever there is pigment
Some develop from pigmented moles

32

Arises from accumulated dna damage in skin cell and appears as spreading brown to black patch

Melanoma

35

A

Asymmetry

36

Early removal allows a good chance of survival

Squamous cell

37

B

Border irregularity

38

Where is squamous cell most likely found

Scalp ears and lower lip

38

What is the treatment of melanoma

Wide surgical excision
Immunotherapy

39

Hairy cloak

Lanugo

40

When does lanugo form

5th and 6th month of fetal development

41

E

Elevation

42

White cheesy looking substance

Vernix caseosa

43

What causes premature gray hair

Stress
Anxiety
Lack of protein
Chemotherapy
Radiation
Excessive vitamin a
Fungal diseases

44

What produces the vernix

Sebaceous glands

45

Accumulations in sebaceous glands form what

Milia

46

Where is milia found

Nose and forehead of baby

47

How do you detect melanoma

ABCDE RULE

47

When does skin reach optimal appearance

20-30

47

When does skin become more oil

Adolescence

49

What speeds up loss of elasticity

Smoking and sunlight

50

Vellus hairs

Tiny colorless hairs on bald people

51

What helps delay skin aging

Good nutrition
Plenty of fluids
Cleanliness

52

Male pattern baldness

Genetically controlled

53

Graying hair is genetically controlled by what

Delayed action gene

54

Abnormal cell mass

Neoplasm

55

Gray hair occurs when

Amount of melanin in hair decreases or becomes absent

56

Least malignant

Basal cell carcinoma

56

Cells cannot form keratin, invade the dermis and subcutaneous tissue

Basal cell

56

D

Diameter