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Flashcards in Capacity and Consent Deck (40):
1

True/False: Spencer, an adult of sound mind, has the legal capacity to contract.

True

2

True/False: Travis had too many beers at the baseball game. Ed realized Travis was so intoxicated he wouldn’t know what he was doing, so he got Travis to sign a promise to sell his motorcycle to Ed for $50. When Travis gets sober, he may void the contract.

True

3

True/False: Vernon suffers from a mental impairment due to a brain injury from a motorcycle accident. He contracts with Glena to purchase her dining room furniture. A month later, he tries to void the contract. If he is unable to return the furniture, a court will not rescind the agreement unless Vernon can show that Glena acted in bad faith.

True

4

True/False: A offers to sell her car to B for $500, and B accepts. A's car has a market value of $1,000 but this fact is unknown to A. The contract is unenforceable.

False

5

True/False: The age of majority to contract in all states is 21.

False

6

True/False: If a minor can cancel a contract, it can be done at any time during minority or within a reasonable time after reaching majority.

True

7

True/False: Roger, a minor, buys a stereo from Tuneland, Inc. Roger uses the stereo for a few months, returns it to Tuneland, and demands his money back. In a majority of states, Roger may return the stereo and he does not have to pay for the use of the stereo or the damages.

True

8

True/False: If a salesperson says, "This is a great car," but the car turns out to be a lemon, the salesperson has committed fraud.

False

9

True/False: After her 18th birthday Lora may, by words or action, ratify a contract she made during the previous year.

True

10

True/False: Pushy Pat, a persuasive salesman, talked Naive Nancy into purchasing something she didn't really need or want. Naive Nancy may rescind the contract because of undue influence.

False

11

True/False: A party injured by fraud generally has the choice of suing for damages or rescinding the contract.

True

12

True/False: A party to a contract has a duty to investigate the other party's factual statements.

False

13

True/False: Fraudulent, but not innocent, misrepresentation permits the injured party to rescind a contract.

False

14

True/False: All states allow the remedy of rescinding a contract for the sale of goods while still allowing the remedy of suing for damages.

True

15

True/False: Contract rescission can sometimes be based upon a unilateral mistake.

True

16

Marty, a 16-year-old, contracts with Cream-of-the-Crop Cycles to buy an $8,000 motorcycle. Marty agrees to make monthly payments until the purchase price plus interest are paid in full. Which of the following is correct?

THE CONTRACT IS VOIDABLE BY MARTY

17

Marty, a 16-year-old, contracted with Cream-of-the-Crop Cycles to buy an $8,000 motorcycle. He agreed to make monthly payments until the purchase price plus interest were paid in full. It is two years later and Marty has not disaffirmed the contract and has made payments on the cycle since turning 18. Which of the following is correct?

MARTY HAS RATIFIED THE CONTRACT AND IS NOW BOUND BY ITS TERMS

18

When courts consider economic duress, they consider all the following factors EXCEPT:

RELATIVE SIZE OF THE CONTRACT

19

Which of the following is most likely to constitute fraud?

SILENCE AS TO A TOXIC WASTE PROBLEM ON REAL PROPERTY THAT THE BUYER WOULD NOT REASONABLY FIND

20

Angie, a minor, wants to avoid a contract she made with Cumberland Cycles. She may disaffirm the contract by:

ALL OF THE ANSWERS ARE CORRECT

21

Deborah purchased a boat from Sun ‘N Surf Marine. She later learned that the salesman had made misrepresentations to induce her to make the purchase. Under UCC Section 2-721, Deborah can rescind the contract:

AND SUE FOR DAMAGES WHETHER THE MISREPRESENTATION WAS FRAUDULENT OR INNOCENT

22

Marty's home had burned to the ground. When he met with his insurance adjuster, she accused him of burning down the house, and said she would have him criminally prosecuted if he didn't settle the claim for much less than the house was worth. Marty agreed to the settlement. If he changed his mind, he can probably rescind the settlement on the basis of:

DURESS

23

Larson entered Forrester's Auto Mart to purchase a used car. Larson found a vehicle with a sales price of $11,000. After Forrester answered all of Larson's questions, Forrester and Larson agreed to a sale. As Larson was leaving to get the money to pay for the car, Forrester told Larson that Robert Redford formerly owned the car. Larson later learned that Robert Redford had never owned the car. If Larson seeks to rescind the deal based on Forrester’s statement, Larson will:

LOSE B/C HE WILL NOT BE ABLE TO PROVE RELIANCE ON THE MISREPRESENTATION

24

When a party to a contract makes a unilateral mistake, the contract:

GENERALLY CANNOT BE RESCINDED BY THE MISTAKEN PARTY UNLESS THE CONTRACT IS UNCONSCIONABLE

25

Ryan, a minor, contracted to sell his auto to Ed, a 28-year-old. Ryan later refused to complete the sale. If Ed sues to enforce the contract, Ed will:

LOSE, B/C THE CONTRACT IS VOIDABLE BY RYAN

26

Ron, a minor, goes to the hospital for treatment of the flu. On the new-patient form Ron signs, he agrees to pay for any care or treatment he receives. When billed for the treatment:

RON MUST PAY FOR THE VALUE OF THE BENEFIT HE RECEIVED, B/C MEDICAL CARE IS A NECESSARY

27

Mentally infirm Sasha contracts to purchase a piano for $2,500 in 60 monthly installment payments. Six months later she tries to void the contract on grounds of mental impairment. A court will:

NORMALLY VOID THE CONTRACT BUT WILL REQUIRE SASHA TO RETURN THE PIANO

28

Generally, a seller has no duty to disclose facts. However, there is a duty to disclose information or facts if the disclosure is necessary to:

ALL OF THE ABOVE ARE TRUE

29

Pamela is planning to sell her home decorating store to her daughter. Pamela

A GREATER DUTY TO REVEAL PROBLEMS IN THE BUSINESS B/C HER DAUGHTER ASSUMES SHE WILL BE HONEST

30

If Jane persuades Linda to buy her horse by telling Linda that the horse runs "like the wind," then Jane's statement is:

PUFFERY

31

In the case of Sepulveda v. Aviles, the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division, found evidence of undue influence in:

AVILES’S USE OF SEALS’ FUNDS AND CREDIT CARDS

32

When a business is concerned about selling to minors because of their right to disaffirm contracts, the business might protect itself by:

REQUIRING AN ADULT CO-SIGNER

33

Which of the following is least likely to be regarded as a necessary?

EDUCATIONAL EXPENSES

34

The most accurate statement regarding economic duress is:

IT MAY BE GROUNDS FOR RESCISSION

35

Which of the following statements, if made by a seller who knows the statement to be untruthful, would not be misrepresentation of material fact resulting in a cause of action for fraud?

‘THERE IS NO BETTER CAR IN THE WORLD’

36

Vince has begun forgetting things and is becoming very difficult to get along with. He is 85, has been ill, and is very fond of his housekeeper Annie. He gives a deed to Annie for all of his real property. At Vince's death, his children, who got only his photograph albums according to the will, ask that the deed be set aside and the land be put back in the estate for purposes of division among all the children. The probable result will be:

UNLESS THE CHILDREN CAN PROVE THAT VINCE WAS UNABLE TO UNDERSTAND WHAT HE WAS DOING, OR THAT ANNIE USED HER POSITION TO IMPROPERLY INFLUENCE VINCE, ANNIE CAN KEEP THE PROPERTY

37

Jeff was a subcontractor, bidding on a contract for ACE Corp., the general contractor. When adding up the total of materials and labor, Jeff's secretary mistakenly moved the decimal point one place, ending up with a bid of $3500 rather than $35,000. ACE Corp. accepted Jeff's bid, mostly because all the other bids were over $30,000. When Jeff learned of the mistake, he tells ACE Corp. that he cannot do the job for $3500. If ACE Corp. sues to enforce this contract, what is the most likely result?

THIS IS A UNILATERAL MISTAKE, BUT ONE WHERE ACE CORP. KNEW THAT A MISTAKE HAD BEEN MADE. JEFF SHOULD BE ABLE TO RESCIND THE CONTRACT

38

Peter, a minor, purchased a car from ACME Motors. Using a fake ID, he misrepresented his age to be 18. The contract is fully executed. Which of the following is correct?

EITHER B OR C MAY BE APPLICABLE DEPENDING ON THE LAW OF THE JURISDICTION IN WHICH THE CONTRACT WAS FORMED

39

An example of the type of relationship required to find undue influence would be:

A DOCTOR-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP

40

Which of the following is NOT a true statement about fraud?

THE PLAINTIFF MUST SHOW THAT ALTHOUGH THE DEFENDANT ACTED IN GOOD FAITH, THE STATEMENT WAS MATERIAL B/C THE DEFENDANT EXPECTED THE PLAINTIFF TO RELY ON IT AND ENTER INTO THE CONTRACT