Flashcards in Capital Deck (49):
Critically deficient capital
What are the requirements to be exempt from HVCRE?
1-4 family residential projects
Loans secured by properties for ag purposes
Community Development Loans
ADC loans at or below supervisory limits and the borrower has contributed 15% or more of "as completed" value in cash or unencumbered readily marketable assets, and the borrower capital is contractually required to remain throughout the project life.
When must a CRP be filed?
Within 45 days of the institution becoming UC
What should a CRP entail?
Steps the bank will take to become AC
Levels of capital to be attained during each year the CRP is in effect
Other information as required by the federal regulator
Types and levels of activities in which the bank will engage, and
How the bank will comply with the restrictions in effect under PCA.
Viability may be threatened
Performance SBLC have a CCF of?
Ratios for UC?
Requirements for statutory MF?
Made with prudent underwriting standards
Max LTV 80% (75% if adjustable int rate) based on the lower of the acquisition cost or appraised value
Paid on time for 1 year
Max amortization of 30 years; min maturity not less than 7 years
DSC of property before loan payment of 1.2x (1.15x if adjustable int rate)
Not 90 days PD of NA.
MSAs, DTAs arising from temp differences that the bank couldn't realize through NOL carrybacks, and significant investments are RW at?
Items not deducted from capital are RW at 250%.
Commitments with an original maturity of 1 year or less that aren't unconditionally cancelable have a CCF of?
What kind of minority interests are only includable in CET1C?
Only includable in CET1C if the investment is in a depository institution.
What is the definition of non-significant investments in the capital of unconsolidated FI? Significant investments?
Non-significant investments = if bank owns 10 percent or less of the other institution's common shares
Significant investments = if bank owns more than 10 percent of the other institution's common shares
What is an estimated loss?
Where is this loss deducted from in Capital?
Probable and estimated
Estimated loss should be recognized if it's probable that an asset has been impaired or a liability has been incurred as of the exam date, and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.
Deducted from CET1C in "other adjustments to CET1 capital"
What items does the capital conservation buffer restrict?
Discretionary payments on T1 instruments
Exec Officer Bonuses
needs improvement even though capital levels exceeds min regulatory requirements
Ratios for WC?
Leverage = 5%
CET1 RBC = 6.5%
T1RBC = 8%
TRBC = 10%
Immediate assistance is required
What are some of the restrictions of being less than AC?
Need prior approval to expand
Must submit a CRP to the RD within 45 days of receiving notice
Condition of bank is required to be monitored by the FDIC
Capital distributions are restricted
Management fees are restricted
What are the components of CET1?
Common Stock + related surplus net of treasury stock
+ Retained Earnings
+ Qualifying CET1 minority interests
= CET1C Before Adjustments
- Goodwill and other Intangibles
- DTA arising from NOL and tax credit carryforwards
- AOCI adjustments (if bank opts out)
- Non-significant investments in the capital of unconsolidated FI that exceed 10% threshold for non-significant investments
= Subtotal of CET1C (used to determine threshold deductions)
- Significant investments in the capital of unconsolidated FI that exceeds the 10% threshold deduction
- MSR that exceed 10% threshold deduction
- DTA arising from temporary differences that couldn't be realized through NOL carrybacks exceeding 10% threshold
- Aggregate amount of sig-investments, MSR, and DTA arising from temp differences that still exceed 15% CET1C
What is a loss contingency?
Existing condition involving uncertainty as to possible loss if/when future events occur (or fail to occur)
Ratios for AC?
Leverage = 4%
CET1 RBC = 4.5%
T1RBC = 6%
TRBC = 8%
Less than satisfactory capital that does not fully support risk profile
What are the components of Tier 2 Capital?
Cumulative Preferred Stock and Subordinated Debt (includes bank-issued SBLF and TARP that currently qualify as T2C)
+ Allowable ALLL
When is an institution engaging in an Unsafe and Unsound practice pursuant to Section 8(b) or (c)?
When institution has Leverage capital less than AC and has not submitted or in compliance with a CRP approved by the FDIC to increase its Leverage Capital ratio
What are the methods and characteristics a bank can use to RW securitization exposures?
Simplified Supervisory Formula Approach (SSFA) - lower RWs to more senior class securities and higher RW to support tranches
Gross-up Method - Weighted Avg RW. Capital required on the credit exposure of the bank's investment in the subordinate tranches, as well as its pro rate share of the more senior tranches it supports
How are DTAs treated for capital?
DTAs from NOL and tax credit carryforwards are fully deducted from Capital
DTAs from temp differences that are realizable through carrybacks aren't deducted from capital
DTAs from temp differences that are not realizable through carrybacks are subject to the 10%/15% CET 1 thresholds.
Unused commitments that are unconditionally cancellable by the bank have a CCF of?
What are the 4 purposes of capital/
Restrict excessive asset growth
Promotes public confidence
Protects depositors and the DIF
What is a potential loss? Should this be documented in the ROE?
Contingent liability that have a substantial and material risk of loss
Yes, amount is included in "Memo" section of the Capital Calculations page; not actually deducted from capital
What are the Capital Evaluation factors?
AAA BS OOPQ
Ability to address emerging needs
Access to capital
Strength of earnings and reasonableness of dividends
Off-Balance sheet items
Problem assets and ALLL adequacy
Quality of capital
Requirements for a presold construction loan to be RW at 50%?
Purchaser is an individual that intends to occupy the property
Min 3% earnest money deposit based on sales price and money held in escrow
Builder incurs 10% of direct costs before loan draws downs
Max LTV of 80% using sales price
No more than 90 days PD or on NA.
Financial SBLC have a CCF of?
Commitments with an original maturity exceeding 1 year that aren't unconditionally cancelable by the bank have a CCF of?
What is a Category II contingent liability?
Bank faces a claim on assets; would reduce assets and cause a loss if it happens.
Assistance may be required
When is an institution operating in an unsafe and unsound condition?
When the T1C to TA ratio falls below 2% pursuant to section 8(a)
Ratios for CUC?
When can a bank be dropped from WC to AC?
An Unsafe or Unsound practice or condition exists
Consent Order with a capital provision
Subject to a written agreement
Ratios for SU?
What happens when a bank controlled by another company has a CRP?
Must obtain performance guaranty and assurance from that company that says the bank will comply with the CRP until they're in compliance with capital requirements for 4 consecutive quarters.
What is a Category I contingent liability?
Increases assets if it converts to actual liability.
What items are included in a Capital Directive?
Capital Ratio required to attain and maintain
$ amount of capital required to raise
Proposed date for achieving the min Capital Ratios requirement (not to exceed 180 days from issuance)
Requirements for a 1-4 SFR loan to be RW at 50%?
Made under prudent underwriting standards
Not 90 days or more PD
not on NA
Not a TDR (unless HAMP)
What is an advanced approach institution?
Institution that has consolidated TA of $250B or more, or has on-balance sheet foreign exposure of $10B or more.