Capitulo 9 10 grammar Flashcards Preview

Spanish 202 > Capitulo 9 10 grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Capitulo 9 10 grammar Deck (26):
1

more...than

más....que

2

less...than

menos...que

3

as...as

tan...como

4

as much...as
as many....as

tanto/a/os/as...como

5

the most....

el, la, los, las más...de

6

the least...

el, la, los, las menos...de

7

My Spanish class is good.
My Spanish class is better than...
My Spanish class is the best...

Mi clase de español es buena.
Mi clase de español es mejor que...
Mi clase de español es la major de...

8

subjunctive rules: when to use

volition, will, feelings, emotions, doubt, uncertainty, probability, report on others requests, recommendations or wishes

9

adverbial clauses (ESCAPA)

a menos que
antes de que
con tal de que
en caso de que
para que
sin que

10

indicative clauses (YAP)

ya que
ahora que
puesto que

11

clauses to use either subjunctive or indicative (12)

aun cuando
aunque
a pesar de que
cuando
de manera que
de modo que
después de que
en cuanto
hasta que
luego que
mientras que
tan pronto como

12

rules for clauses that can use either subjunctive or indicative

1. happened in the past (from point of view of speaker): indicative
2. did not happen in the past; subjunctive
3. no change of subject: indicative with following clauses antes, después, hasta, sin, para

13

if...then
which verb tenses to use

si (present indicative)...(present indicative)
si ("")...(future)
si ("")...(command)

14

por (demmm)

duration of time
movement or location
motive
exchange
means

15

para (cdrpg)

point in time/deadline
destination
recipient
comparison
goal/purpose

16

imperfect subjunctive formation

take third person plural of preterit
drop -on
add -a, -as, -a, -amos (accent the last vowel of the stem), -ais, -an

17

past perfect subjunctive formation (pluperfect)

imperfect subjunctive haber + past participle

18

imperfect subjunctive haber

hubiera
hubieras
hubiera
hubiéramos
hubierais
hubieran

19

use of past perfect subjunctive

used the same as present perfect but used to refer to event prior to another past event
I wished that...already had happened

20

si clauses of hypothetical/contrary-to-fact information
how to form: if I were Tarzan, I would live with monkeys.

Si + imperfect subjunctive + conditional
Si fuera Tarzan, viviría con los monos.

21

si clauses of hypothetical/contrary-to-fact information
how to form: If I had been Tarzan, I would have lived with monkeys.

Si + past perfect subjunctive + conditional perfect
Si hubiera sido Tarzan, habría vivido con los monos.

22

main clause: present indicative use what in subordinate clause when actions are contemporaneous
We insist that they begin

present subjunctive
Insistimos en que ellos empiecen.

23

main clause: present indicative use what in subordinate clause when action is earlier than
We hope that they have begun

present perfect subjunctive
Esperamos que ello hayan empezado.

24

main clause: preterit, imperfect or conditional use what in subordinate clause
He insisted that we go

imperfect subjunctive
Él insistió que fuéramos

25

main clause: imperfect use what in subordinate clause when action is contemporaneous or after
We insisted that they recycle

imperfect subjunctive
Insistíamos en que ellos reciclaran

26

main clause: imperfect use what in subordinate clause when action is before
We hoped that they had begun

past perfect subjunctive
Esperábamos que ellos hubieran empezado