Flashcards in Cardiac Deck (26):
Double-walled fibrous sac that holds heart, great vessels and pericardial fluid. Protects and lubricates heart.
The great vessels include
Superior Vena Cava
Inferior Vena Cava
Initial stretching of the cardiac myocytes prior to contraction
"Load" that heart must eject blood against.
Cardiac relaxation. Chambers fill with blood. Diastole of atria precede that of ventricles.
Produced by the closure of the mistral and tricuspid valves. Marks beginning of systole.
Produced by the closure of the aortic and pulmonic valves. Marks end of systole.
Passive filling of ventricles during diastole.
Atrial contraction to expel remaining blood into ventricle.
Heart sound sometimes heard. Sound of ventricle making when it is forced to dilate beyond normal range due to volume overload.
Late diastole sound. "Atrial kick" as atrium work to expel last bit of blood into ventricle. Hear when ventricle is stiff and noncompliant.
Abnormal or turbulent flow through a valve.
Palpable murmur. Signifies turbulent flow. Associated with congenital and valvular abnormalities.
Sustained palpable movements of localized area of precordium due to increased intensity of systolic contraction.
More pronounced lift
RV hypertrophy. Palpated lift.
Inversion/transposition of body viscera in which heart is on the right side of the body, and liver left.
Audible rub due to rubbing of opposing, inflamed serous surfaces (ex: pericarditis).
Classically heart with mitral valve prolapse. Heard during mid or late systole. Often accompanied with late systolic murmur indicative of mitral regurgitation.
Associated with aortic stenosis. AV valves are normally silent. With thickening or deformities of the leaflets, a sound is generated with opening of these valves.
Aortic focus (heart auscultation)
2nd R ICS.
Pulmonic focus (heart auscultation)
2nd left ICS.
Erb's point (heart auscultation)
Good for S2 sounds. 3rd left ICS.
Tricuspid (heart auscultation)
4th left ICS.