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Flashcards in Cardiac paediatric complaints Deck (14):
1

Are Ventricular septal defects cyanotic or acyanotic

Acyanotic

2

Is tetralogy of fallot cyanotic or acyanotic?

Cyanotic

3

Are atrial septal defects cyanotic or acyanotic

Acyanotic

4

Is patent ductus arteriosus cyanotic or acynotic?

Acyanotic

5

Is transposition of the great arteries cyanotic or acynotic?

Cyanotic

6

Is coarctation of the aorta cyanotic or acynotic?

Acyanotic

7

Is aortic valve stenosis cyanotic or acynotic?

Acyanotic

8

Is tricuspid atresia cyanotic or acyanotic?

Cyanotic

9

What are the five most common acyanotic congenital heart diseases?

Ventricular septal defects, Atrial septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta and aortic valve stenosis.

10

What are the three most common cyanotic congenital heart diseases?

tetralogy of fallot, transposition of the great arteries and tricuspid atresia

11

What are the four defects classically associated with tetralogy of fallot?

Pulmonary stenosis, Ventricular septal defect, right ventricular hypertrophy and an overriding aorta

12

What are the four main diagnostic factors for tetralogy of Fallot?

Hypercyanotic episodes, harsh systolic ejection murmur, cyanosis and tachypnoea

13

What is the typical mumur in tetralogy of Fallot?

a harsh systolic ejection murmur loudest at the left sternal border

14

What is the typical management of tetralogy of fallot?

complete surgical repair with infective endocarditis prophylaxis and monitoring with possible pulmonary valve replacement.