Cardiovascular Anatomy Pre-Practical 1 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Cardiovascular System > Cardiovascular Anatomy Pre-Practical 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Anatomy Pre-Practical 1 Deck (129)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the mediastinum subdivided into

Superior
Inferior

2

What is the inferior mediastinum further divided into

Anterior
Middle
Posterior

3

What bone forms the anterior border of the superior mediastinum

Manubrium

4

Which vertebrae form the posterior border of the superior mediastinum

T1-T4

5

What plane separates the superior from the inferior mediastinum

Transverse thoracic plane

6

Thymus is found in

Superior

7

Heart, Pericardium and Great vessels are found in

Inferior (middle mediastinum)

8

Descending Aorta is found in

Inferior (Posterior mediastinum)

9

Oesophagus is found in

Inferior (Posterior mediastinum)

10

Thoracic Duct is located in

Inferior (Posterior mediastinum)

11

Azygous vein is located in

Inferior (Posterior mediastinum)

12

Sympathetic chain is located in

Inferior (Posterior mediastinum)

13

What are the 3 layers of the heart wall

Epicardium
Myocardium
Endocardium

14

Layers of the pericardium

Superficial fibrous pericardium
Intermediate parietal pericardium
Deep visceral pericardium

15

The pericardial cavity lies between which 2 layers

Parietal and Visceral

16

An inner endocardium is composed of a single layer of

Simple squamous epithelium

17

A middle myocardium is composed of many layers of

Cardiac muscle

18

An outer epicardium is composed of a single layer of

Simple squamous epithelium

19

Which layers belongs simultaneously to the heart wall and the serous pericardium

Visceral Layer

20

Which layer of the serous pericardium is inseparably attached to the inner aspect of the fibrous pericardium

Parietal layer

21

Which protective role is fulfilled by the fibrous pericardium

Protects the heart against sudden overfilling

22

What nerves do the visceral pericardium receive autonomic innervation from

T1-T4 and vagus via the cardiac plexus

23

What is the parietal and fibrous layers innervated by

Phrenic nerve

24

Which layers of the pericardium are innervated by pain fibres (C3-C5)

Parietal and Fibrous

25

Where is the left atrium situated

Posterior

26

What role do the auricles have in the adult

Increases the capacity of the atrium

27

The left atrium lies anterior to which structure

The oesophagus

28

Which chambers forms the apex

Left ventricle

29

Which chamber forms the base

Left atrium

30

In the right lateral view of the opened right atrium what would you see (7)

Auricle
Pectinate muscle
Cristae terminalis
Tricuspid valve
Fossa ovalis
Opening for coronary sinus
Opening for SVC and IVC