Flashcards in Care of patients with cancer Deck (29):
Which specific bone structures, if radiatiated, cause fractures?
iliac crest/sternum (sites with bone marrow
most important intervention for chemotherapy?
when does hypersensitivity to chemo occur?
What does extravasation look like?
no blood return on IV
resistance of flow
burning, pain, swelling, redness
vs hypersensitivity will itch and flare (same: swelling and redness)
intervention for extravasation?
how often do you assess pt undergoing chemo?
how often does a chemo patient need hygiene?
early s/s of decreased platelet levels
petechiae - purple blood vessels
ecchymosis - discolored from bleeding underneath
precaution for patient receiving oxaliplatin
avoid cold fluids or temperature extremes
SE of hormonal manipulation (for CA tx)
opposite sexual phenotype appearance
hypercalcemia - weakens bones
how does targeted therapy work?
blocks signal for turning on cell division genes
if pt is hemorrhaging ___ is tx
cryoprecipitate clotting factors
s/s of mild SIADH
weakness, muscle cramps, loss of appetite, fatigue
s/s of SIADH after sodium levels drop below 110
seizures, coma and death
how often should you monitor for s/s of fluid overload in SIaDH
charge up/stimulate immune system (cause inflammation)
slow down tumor cell division
reduce tumor angiogenesis (blood vessel development) factor aka reduces the spread
SE of immunotherapy
generalized/severe inflammatory read
early s/s of spinal cord compression
located in the periphery
nursing interventions for hypercalcemia
increase water intake (flushes calcium out)
maintain calcium intake w/o restrictions
s/s of Superior vena cava syndrome
early = facial edema (esp. around the eyes)
and stroke sign inflammation of the throat (tightness around collar of a shirt)
very aggressive kind of lung cancer, worst kind
small cell lung cancer
right sided colon lesions cause what s/s
dull abdominal pain
melena - (black stool)
left sided colon lesions cause what s/s
intestinal obstruction (fecal oozing, pain, distension)
bright red blood
most common type of tumor
which types of brain tumors should u get removed since they affect functioning