Cataracts associated with Systemic Disease II Flashcards Preview

Ocular Disease - Lens > Cataracts associated with Systemic Disease II > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cataracts associated with Systemic Disease II Deck (11):
1

Describe dermatologic cataracts

(What the cataracts look like and what skin conditions it occurs with)

- cortical stellate cataracts
- anterior shield like cataracts
- occurs with exzema and scleroderma

2

Describe diabetic cataracts

(What does a type II and type I cataract look like and how it occurs related to sugar levels)

- Type II (late onset): may develop senescent cataracts earlier than normal
- Type I (juvenile diabetics): "snowflake" cataract
- Opacification: high aqueous sugar levels diffuse in lens and create hypertonic environment

3

Describe cataracts related to Retinis Pigmentosa

- Retinal dystrophy results in constricted visual fields and night blindness
- Posterior subcapsular cataracts develop in late stages

4

You have a patient that presents with cortical stellate cataracts and anterior shield like cataracts. What is the associated disease?

A. Eczema or Scleroderma
B. Diabetes Type II Cataracts
C. Diabetes Type I Cataracts
D. Retinitis Pigmentosa

A. Eczema or Scleroderma

5

You have a patient that presents with posterior subcapsular cataracts. What is the associated disease?

A. Eczema or Scleroderma
B. Diabetes Type II
C. Diabetes Type I
D. Retinitis Pigmentosa

D. Retinitis Pigmentosa

6

You have an older patient that presents with senescent cataracts related to uncontrolled sugar levels. What is the associated disease?

A. Eczema or Scleroderma
B. Diabetes Type II
C. Diabetes Type I
D. Retinitis Pigmentosa

B. Diabetes Type II

7

You have an younger patient that presents with "snowflake cataracts". What is the associated disease?

A. Eczema or Scleroderma
B. Diabetes Type II
C. Diabetes Type I
D. Retinitis Pigmentosa

C. Diabetes Type I

8

Which cataract most likely describes an patient with excema?

A. Cortical stellates and anterior shield cataracts
B. Senescent cataracts
C. Snowflake cataracts
D. Posterior subcapsular cataracts

A. Cortical stellates and anterior shield cataracts

9

Which cataract most likely describes an patient with retinitis pigmentosa?

A. Cortical stellates and anterior shield cataracts
B. Senescent cataracts
C. Snowflake cataracts
D. Posterior subcapsular cataracts

D. Posterior subcapsular cataracts

10

Which cataract most likely describes an patient with Type II Diabetes?

A. Cortical stellates and anterior shield cataracts
B. Senescent cataracts
C. Snowflake cataracts
D. Posterior subcapsular cataracts

B. Senescent cataracts

11

Which cataract most likely describes an patient with Type I Diabetes?

A. Cortical stellates and anterior shield cataracts
B. Senescent cataracts
C. Snowflake cataracts
D. Posterior subcapsular cataracts

C. Snowflake cataracts