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Flashcards in Causes of the Revolution Deck (86):
1

How does Greenville plan to pay for debt for war?

Mercantilism

2

Who resisted the taxes from Britain?

Boycotts, Sons of Liberty

3

What three taxes are used to have Americans chip in for debt?

Sugar Act, Quartering Act, Stamp act

4

What did the sugar act tax?

Everything made of suar

5

Where do you go if caught smuggling sugar into the colonies?

Vice-admiralty court

6

What does the Quartering Act allow?

British soldiers to live and eat with the colonists

7

What did the Stamp Act tax?

All printed material

8

What did the Stamp act lead to?

Stamp act congress

9

What does the Stamp act congress do?

Repeals stamp act and greenville forced out of power

10

What were the natural rights for colonists?

Life, Liberty, Property

11

Who takes natural rights from Magna Carta?

John Locke

12

Colonists got their natural rights if they did what for government?

obeyed

13

Who started sons of liberty?

Samuel Adams

14

What did the Townshend Acts do?

Higher taxes on lead and paint

15

How many people are wounded at the Boston Massacre?

11

16

How many colonists died in the Boston Massacre?

5

17

Who was Prime Minister after Pitt?

George Greenville

18

Who was wounded and testified for the British?

Patrick Carr

19

What happened to the soldiers in the trail?

They were acquitted

20

What 3 things rose tensions in the colonies?

Burning of H.M.S. Gaspee & Liberty, Alexander Mcdougall imprisoned for 2 years, Hutchinson Letters

21

Who is the new Royal Governor of Mass.?

Thomas Gage

22

What was the colonists response to the Tea Act?

Boston Tea Party

23

How much money in tea was destroyed?

20,000£ (pounds)

24

What did the Boston Tea Party lead to?

Intolerable acts

25

What was the first part of the Intolerable Acts?

Port Bill- Closes harbor

26

What was the second part of the Intolerable acts?

Mass. Gov. Acts- Limits power of Colonial legislature

27

What was the 3rd part of the Intolerable acts?

Administration of Justice Act- If applicable for death penalty, trial in England

28

what was the last part of the Intolerable acts?

More troops in Boston

29

What met on Sept. 5, 1774 in PHI?

First Continental Congress

30

What conclusions did the First continental congress meet?

Intolerable acts illegal
Encourage Boycotts
Encourages forming militia
Right to petition- from Magna Carta

31

What did Joseph Galloway propose?

One central Gov. with the ability to tax under the kings control

32

What happened to Galloway's proposal?

Rejected

33

New england declared rebellion against George III in what battle?

Lexington and concord

34

Soldier seized what from the colonists?

Weapons

35

Who led british in Lexington and concord

Gage

36

Who takes leadership while Sam Adams and Hancock are in hiding?

Joseph Warren

37

Who did warren tell to spread word of the British coming?

Paul Revere

38

How many people show up to Lexington?

70- Colonists lose

39

How many colonists come to concord?

3,000-4,000

40

Who defended the British in the trail of the Boston Massacre?

John Adams

41

What was in PA and was led by John Hancock?

Second Continental Congress

42

What petition did they come up with that apologizes for their actions?

Olive Branch Petition

43

What did the congress support?

Militias

44

Who is commander in chief?

George Washington

45

Who are sent to get canons from Ticonderoga

Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold

46

Who leads British in Bunker Hill?

Gage

47

Who fills in for Washing ton in Bunker Hill?

Israel Putnam

48

Who wins Bunker Hill

British

49

Who leads Continental Navy?

Esek Hopkins

50

What does Samuel Richard lead?

Continental Marine Corp

51

Where do the Marines take recruits?

Tuns Tavern

52

Which two people take Quebec?

Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold

53

Who wins battle of Quebec?

British

54

Where is the British Blockade?

Along the whole coast

55

What does Thomas Paine write?

Common Sense

56

Who replaces Gage when he retreats out of Boston?

William Howe

57

What city is Howe stationed in?

NYC

58

What kind of troops does Howe have?

Regulars and mercenaries

59

Who is in the Committee of Five?

B. Livingston (NY)
Roger Sherman (CT)
B. Franklin (PA)
Thomas Jefferson (VA)
John Adams (MA)

60

When is Jefferson's draft approved?

July 2nd

61

Where does Washington form another great escape?

Hudson River

62

When Cornwallis follows Washington to PA, where does he end up stationing?

Princeton

63

Who rows Washington's men over the Delaware on Christmas night?

John Glover

64

Who buys the boats for Glover?

Alexander Hamilton

65

Who won the Battle of Trenton and Princeton

Americans

66

Who wins Battles of Brandywine, Germantown, Paoli

British

67

What happens to Philly?

Taken by British

68

Who tries to cut off NE in B. of Saratoga?

Burgoyne

69

Who defeats Burgoyne?

Arnold

70

Who calls for the Grand Forage?

Nathaniel Green

71

Who is Prussian and brought in to teach the soldiers?

Fredreich van Steuben

72

Who was the that writes good about the Americans?

Marquis de Lafayette

73

In battle of Monmouth Cornwallis retreats to what city?

NYC

74

Which two people are given 1/2 army each?

Lafayette and Lee

75

Lee retreats leading to what?

British victory

76

What does the Navy attack?

British merchant ships

77

Who do the navy raid?

England and Scotland

78

Who is the Scottish sailor that helps the navy?

John Paul Jones

79

What does Arnold do?

Betrays the country

80

Who does Arnold meet with?

Clinton

81

What does Arnold give to Clinton?

West Point plans

82

Who uses guerrilla warfare to weaken the British?

Francias Marion

83

Who sails from Carribean to VA to help block British?

Admiral de Grasse

84

What battle does de Grasse win?

Battle of Capes

85

Who starts making peace negotiations in Paris?

Franklin
John Jay
John Adams

86

What does Treaty of Paris 1783 say?

Kingdom of Great Britain will respect the Decleration of Independence