Cbc and serum electrolytes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cbc and serum electrolytes Deck (83):
1

WBC (Leukocyte)

4,500 - 11,000/ml

2

RBC (Erythrocyte)

Male : 4.6 - 6.2 M/ml
Female : 4.5-5 M/ml

3

Platelet

150,000-400,000/ml

4

Hemoglobin

Female : 12-15 g/dL
Male: 14-16.5 g/dL

5

Hematocrit

Female: 35-47%
Male: 42-52%

6

Sodium

135-145 mEqs/L

7

Potassium

3.5 - 5 mEqs/L

8

Calcium

8.6-10 mg/dL

9

Magnesium

1.6 - 2.6 mg/dL

10

Phosphorus

2.7 - 4.5 mg/dL

11

Plasma Osmolality

270-300 mOsm/kgH2O

11

Water loss thru perspiration

Ave. 100ml/day

12

Insensible fluid loss
SKIN

600-800

13

Insensible fluid loss
LUNGS

400-600ml

14

Insensible fluid loss
GIT

100ml

15

Amount of CO2 excreted by the lungs (volatile hydrogen: H2CO3)

13,000-30,000mEq/day

16

Amount of non volatile acids secreted by the kidneys

50 mEq/day

17

HCO3 : H2CO3 ratio

20:1

18

Minimum daily sodium requirement

15 mEqs

19

Proteins in the blood

Albumin
Globulins
Fibrinogen
Prothrombin

20

Chloride

98-107 mEq/L

21

Venous HCO3

22-29

22

APTT

20-36 seconds

23

APTT (with Heparin Therapy)

1.5-2.5 times the normal

30 - 90 seconds

24

Prothrombin time (PT)

Male : 9.6-11.8 seconds

Female : 9.5-11.3 seconds

25

INR (standard warfarin therapy)

2-3

26

INR ( high-dose Warfarin therapy)

3-4.5

27

PT after dosing of concurrent Warfarin and Heparin Therapy

5hours

28

PT (with anti-coagulation therapy)

1.5-2 times the lab control value

29

Bleeding time duke method

1-3 minutes

30

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate

0-30 mm/hr (depending on the age)

31

CK total

26-174 units/L

32

CK MB

0-5% of total CK

33

CK MM

95%-100% of total CK

34

CK BB

0%

35

Troponin I

<0.6 ng/ml

>1.5 ng/ml indicates MI

36

Troponin T

>0.1-0.2 ng/mL indicates MI

37

Iron (Fe)

Male : 65-175 mcg/dL
Female : 50-170 mcg/dL

38

Myoglobin

<90 mcg/L

Elevation may indicate MI

39

Atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP)

22-27 pg/mL

40

Brain natriuretic peptides (BNP)

<100 pg/ml

41

C type natriuretic peptides (CNP)

Reference to lab normal values

42

Albumin

3.5-5 g/dL

43

Ammonia

10-80 mcg/dL

44

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

10-40 units/L

45

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

10-20 units/L

46

Amylase

25-151 units/L

Acute pancreatitis >5 times the normal (125-755)

Chronic pancreatitis <3 times the normal value (<75 / <453)

47

Lipase

10-140 units/L

48

Conjugated Bilirubin (direct)

Found in the intestinal tract

0-0.3 mg/dL

49

Unconjugated bilirubin (indirect)

Found in the blood

0.1-1 mg/dL

50

Total bilirubin

<1.5 mg/dL

51

Total cholesterol

140-199 mg/dL

52

LDL

<130 mg/dL

53

HDL

Good cholesterol

30-70 mg/dL

54

Triglycerides

<200 mg/dL

55

Protein

6-8 g/dL

56

FBS

70-110 mg/dL

57

CBG

60-110

58

Glucose tolerance test
BASELINE FASTING

70-110

59

Glucose Tolerance test
30 min fasting

110-170

60

Glucose Tolerance test
60 minutes fasting

120-170

61

Glucose Tolerance test
90 minutes fasting

100-140

62

Glucose Tolerance test
120 minutes fasting

70-120

63

Glucose 2hr post prandial

<140 mg/dL

64

Glucose tolerance test
(+) DM

1hr fasting >170
2hr fasting >120
Return to normal is slow

65

HbA1c

Good control <7%
Fair control 7-8%
Poor control >8%

66

DM autoantibody panel
(Evaluates insulin resistance or allergy to insulin)

<1:4 titer ś antibody detected

67

Creatinine

0.6-1.3

68

BUN

8-25

69

TSH (Thyrotropin)

0.2-5.4 microunits/mL

70

T4 (Thyroxine)

5-12 mcg/dL

71

FT4 (Free Thyroxine1)

0.8-2.4ng/dL

72

T3 (Triiodothyronine)

80-230 ng/dL

73

Neutrophils
Acute infection

1800-7800 /ml

74

Bands

0-700/ml

75

Eosinophils

0-450/ml

76

Basophils

0-200/mL

77

Lymphocytes
Chronic infxn

1000-4800/ml

78

Monocytes

0-800/ml

79

CD4+ T cell

500-1600/L

80

Symptomatic HIV CD4 count

200-499/L

81

CD4 AIDS

<200/L

82

CD4:CD8

2:1