CBRN Flashcards Preview

Final Written Summative > CBRN > Flashcards

Flashcards in CBRN Deck (18):
1

What is the definition of a CBRN event?

A deliberate attack, using Chemical, Biological, radiological or nuclear agents

...with the intention of killing or maiming people, society, business or the economy

2

List general CBRN considerations.

Mass casualties.

Large loss of life.

Long term health and environmental effects

Extremely hazardous environment

Delay in determining the agent/material used

Possible combination of CBRN materials

Narrow timeframe to intervene

The need for specialist pharmaceuticals

Need to deploy specialist detection, identification and monitoring equipment (DIM)

Mass decontamination

Co-ordinated multi-agency command

3

There are two classifications for military chemical agents. What are they

Lethal (nerve agents, blood agents, choking agents)

Damaging (blister agents, incapacitating, toxic)

4

What is a pathogen?

An organism that causes disease in humans, plant life or animals.

5

What is a toxin?

A poisonous by-product of biological organisms.

6

What are the two categories of biological agents?

Pathogens

Toxins

7

What is a radiological source?

A material that emits energy in the form of energy rays or sub-atomic particles.

8

What does radiation affect?

Living tissues through contact.

9

Where might radiation be found??

Hospitals
Universities
Factories
Construction sites
Laboratories
Domestic smoke alarms

10

What is a nuclear event?

The deliberate action of producing a high energy nuclear explosion

11

What are the three phases in response to a CBRN event?

1. Response (the first three hours of a CBRN event)

2. Recovery (after the first three hours, potentially a total of 24 hours)

3. Restoration (on conclusion of the event, potentially up to 12 weeks)

12

What are the generic roles of the LFB at a CBRN event?

To save life

To fight and prevent fires

To manage hazardous materials

Ensure health and safety of fire service and other responders

Safety management within the inner cordon

13

Who will be the lead agency at a CBRN event?

The Police

14

All emergency service personnel will adopt __________________ safety triggers for emergency personnel

All emergency service personnel will adopt STEP 123 safety triggers for emergency personnel

15

Step 123
At step 1 (single casualty - cause unknown) how would emergency services approach?

Approach using normal operating procedures

16

Step 123
At step 2 (two casualties - cause unknown) how would emergency services approach?

Approach with caution
Consider all possibilities (secondary devices, liquid spills)
Do not discount anything
Report arrival, update brigade control

17

Step 123
At step 2 (three casualties- cause unknown) how would emergency services approach?

Do NOT go to the scene

Go to RVP

Wait for further instructions

18

The mnemonic CHALETS can be used as an aide when sending messages to Brigade Control.
What does it stand for?

C-asualties
H-azards
A-cess
L-ocation
E-mergency
T-ype
S-afety