Flashcards in CC RECALLS Deck (107):
🔘Material of known concentration
🔘Used to develope std curve/for calibration of instruments.
▪️Carry over problems of EDTA.
⬆️ Na, K
⬇️ Ca, Fe
▪️All purpose type of extinguisher
▪️Used for ordinary combustibles, flammable liquid and elc’l equipments
Part of spectrophotometer that selects SPECIFIC wavelength of light.
▪️Have 2 monochromators.
▪️determines amt of light emitted after EXCITATION.
Effect of hemolysis to glucose in hexokinase mtd.
Requirements for OGTT testing.
▪️px must be:
Unrestricted diet of at least 150 CHO for 3 days
✖️smoke, drink alcohol
LDL chole: 150 mg/dL
>220 mg/dL chole:
A copper-binding A2 glycoprotein.
1g Nitrogen corresponds to how many grams of Proteins?
Effect of chemotherapy and allopurinol to uric acid.
Simplest mtd for creatinine determination (lacks specificity)
▪️colorimentric:kinetic - rapid, ⬆️specific
Enz: measures ammonia colorimetrically or using ise
Moderate (3-5x) ⬆️ LDH indicates what dse.
MI -myocardial infarction
▪️System that separates samples and rgts into containers.
▪️multiple tests on a single sample
Cardiac failure is accompanied by ⬆️/⬇️ renin concentration.
Compensatory mechanism: METABOLIC ACIDOSIS
Compensatory mechanism: METABOLIC ALKALOSIS
Vit. B6 deficiency condition.
ALT, AST, ALP
Transport protein of iron
Direct and indirect bili -
Type of kinetic wherein rxn rate is directly proportional to: SUBSTRATE concentration
Type of kinetic wherein rxn rate is directly proportional to: ENZYME concentration
SI unit for enzymatic activity.
Help confirm dx if a px has hypothyroidism : T3 ⬇️ ; T4 🆗
Type of drug which HASHISH belongs to.
Drug used to treat people with MANIC DEPRESSION (bipolar d/o)
In type I Criggler-Najjar sx, ⬆️indirect bili and deposition within the brain of an infant leads to?
10%contamination of 5%dextrose - what is the effect to glucose?
If there is __% ⬇️ in PO2, there is __%⬆️ PCO2.
⬆️/⬇️ : direct bili in bile obstruction
How many times increase of CK can lead to MI?
⬆️ GH IN ADULT
⬆️ GH IN CHILDREN
Drug of choice for petit mal and grand mal seizure.
Enzyme used to investigate alleged rape
Wavelength of visible light:
Not used for derivation of LDL
Fasting hrs for TAG
Type of DM assoc with early onset, absolute insulin def, and has Ab against beta cells of pancreas.
Type 1 DM
Type 2: late onset, relative insulin def
Rate of glucose metab if spx is left at ROOM TEMP:
Rate of glucose metab if spx is left at 4’C:
Mtd for testing urea which is inexpensive but lacks specificity.
▪️Enz: NH3 -specific, expensive
Part of pituitary gland that do not produce enzymes but rather secretes them.
BSC CLASS OF LAMINAR FLOW
Grade of water used for preparation of std solution
Type I water
Characterized of havibg 6 or more consecutive values that either ⬆️ or ⬇️ over 6 days.
Having 6 or more consecutive values that distributre on one side or either side of the mean.
Most potent estrogen
Classical rxn associated to estrogen
Rgt used in Kober rxn
Hydroquinone sulfuric acid
HLD level risk for heart dse
<35 / <40mg/dl
“Sinking pre-B lpp”
Highest concentration of B-VLDL
Type 3 hyperlipoproteinemia
Routinely measured electrolytes
LDL Chole can be computed from measurements of:
Na concentration in diabetic px
Ac used in most chemistry test
- has least interference with analysis
Cx (2) that show pronounced ⬆️ (>5x the normal) of AST:
Single most impt use of SERUM ELECTROPHORESIS:
Detection of MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY
Counterbalance of SODIUM
Driving force of bicarbonate system
Relationship of CHLORIDE AND BICARBONATE LEVELS
Blood glucose level considered to be HYPOGLYCEMIC
Liver fxn test for overall capacity to transport bile:
SERUM BILIRUBIN LEVELS
An enzyme which is a part of the liver and biliary fxn tests which assess abnormalities of the BILE-DUCT EPITHELIUM
If blood spx with ⬆️WBC is left standing= effect to glucose
An instrument that us s a diffraction grating monochromator.
Organs that secretes hormones (4)
Anterior Pit Gland
Most sensitive and specific screening test for CUSHING’s syndrome.
24HR Urinary cortisol test
▪️overnight dexamethasone suppression test (most common)
▪️salivary cortisol test
▪️Low-Dose Dexamethasone supp. Test
▪️midnight plasma cortisol (>7.5 ug/dL)
▪️CRH stimulation test
Burning electrical equipment is Type __ fire hazard.
Considered as one-step mtd for Cholesterol determination
Term used for ELEVATED urea in blood
Enzyme having the LEAST organ-specificity
LDH (unreliable marker)
Condition where there is ARTIFACTUAL HYPERALBUMINEMIA
Prolonged tourniquet application
Marker for breast cancer
Cortisol is highest at ___ and ⬇️ in the ____.
Afternoon (lowest: 10-12pm)
Damage in the biliary epithelium: effect to ALT
Are routinely used to assess kidney fxn
Order of draw
STOP LIGHT RED GREEN LIGHT GO
LDH has moderate specificity to: (3)
Are considered as risk factor for coronary heart dse
Things that must be investigated by the physician in an asymptomatic DM px: (3)
▪️history of vascular dse
▪️history of insulin resistance
Accdg to NCEP GUIDELINES, the coefficient of variation for HDL chole should be =4%
Abrupt change in ctrl values leads to: shift or trend?
Shows relative concentration of a solution.
Enzyme that catalyzes an oxidation-reduction rxn
A condition which will cause a pronounces AST elevation
Most affected electrolyte by hemolysis
This participates in the maintenance of blood pH (7)
The cause of metabolic acidosis
Effect of CONN’S Dse to Na and K
Disorders caused by FAULTY FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES
▪️PCOS (POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SX)
This can cause sterility and infertility: hyper or hyposecretion of GONADOTROPINS
Is used in the laboratory which demonstrates the Westgard Multirules
Levey-Jennings Chart (Dot Chart)
Earliest marker for ACUTE PANCREATITIS
Most specific marker for ACUTE PANCREATITIS