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Flashcards in CC RECALLS Deck (107):
1

🔘Material of known concentration
🔘Used to develope std curve/for calibration of instruments.

Standard

2

▪️Carry over problems of EDTA.

⬆️ Na, K
⬇️ Ca, Fe

3

▪️All purpose type of extinguisher
▪️Used for ordinary combustibles, flammable liquid and elc’l equipments

Dry chemical

4

Part of spectrophotometer that selects SPECIFIC wavelength of light.

Monochromator

5

▪️Have 2 monochromators.
▪️determines amt of light emitted after EXCITATION.

Fluorometer

6

Effect of hemolysis to glucose in hexokinase mtd.

False ⬇️

7

Requirements for OGTT testing.
▪️px must be:
▪️fasting:
▪️diet:

Ambulatory px
8-14hrs fasting
Unrestricted diet of at least 150 CHO for 3 days
✖️smoke, drink alcohol

8

LDL chole: 150 mg/dL

Borderline high

9

>220 mg/dL chole:
Mod risk:
High risk:

30-39
20-29

10

A copper-binding A2 glycoprotein.

Ceruloplasmin
Wilson’s dse

11

1g Nitrogen corresponds to how many grams of Proteins?

6.54

12

BUN:CREA RATIO

10-20:1

13

Effect of chemotherapy and allopurinol to uric acid.

Increase

14

Simplest mtd for creatinine determination (lacks specificity)

Colorimentric: endpoint

▪️colorimentric:kinetic - rapid, ⬆️specific

Enz: measures ammonia colorimetrically or using ise

15

Moderate (3-5x) ⬆️ LDH indicates what dse.

MI -myocardial infarction

16

▪️System that separates samples and rgts into containers.
▪️multiple tests on a single sample

Discrete analyzer

17

Cardiac failure is accompanied by ⬆️/⬇️ renin concentration.

⬆️

18

Compensatory mechanism: METABOLIC ACIDOSIS

Hyperventilation

19

Compensatory mechanism: METABOLIC ALKALOSIS

Hypoventilation

20

Vit. B6 deficiency condition.

FACIAL SEBORRHEA

21

Bile obstruction:
ALT, AST, ALP

All ⬆️

22

Transport protein of iron

Transferrin

23

Viral hepatitis:
Direct and indirect bili -

⬆️⬆️

24

Type of kinetic wherein rxn rate is directly proportional to: SUBSTRATE concentration

1st Order

25

Type of kinetic wherein rxn rate is directly proportional to: ENZYME concentration

Zero-order

26

SI unit for enzymatic activity.

mol/sec

27

Help confirm dx if a px has hypothyroidism : T3 ⬇️ ; T4 🆗

Tsh

28

Type of drug which HASHISH belongs to.

Cannabinoids

29

Drug used to treat people with MANIC DEPRESSION (bipolar d/o)

Lithium

30

In type I Criggler-Najjar sx, ⬆️indirect bili and deposition within the brain of an infant leads to?

KERNICTERUS

31

10%contamination of 5%dextrose - what is the effect to glucose?

⬆️to 500mg/dl

32

If there is __% ⬇️ in PO2, there is __%⬆️ PCO2.

7, 3

33

Color hazards:
▪️REACTIVITY/STABILITY
▪️SPECIFIC
▪️HEALTH
▪️FLAMMABILITY

Yellow
White
Blue
Red

34

⬆️/⬇️ : direct bili in bile obstruction

⬆️

35

How many times increase of CK can lead to MI?

10

36

⬆️ GH IN ADULT

Acromegaly

37

⬆️ GH IN CHILDREN

Gigantism

38

Drug of choice for petit mal and grand mal seizure.

Valproic acid

39

Enzyme used to investigate alleged rape

ACP

40

Wavelength of visible light:

400-700
UV -IR

41

Not used for derivation of LDL

VLDL

42

Fasting hrs for TAG

12-14 hrs

43

Cocaine metabolite

Benzoylecgonine

44

Type of DM assoc with early onset, absolute insulin def, and has Ab against beta cells of pancreas.

Type 1 DM

Type 2: late onset, relative insulin def

45

Rate of glucose metab if spx is left at ROOM TEMP:

7mg/dL/hr

46

Rate of glucose metab if spx is left at 4’C:

4mg/dl/hr

47

Mtd for testing urea which is inexpensive but lacks specificity.

Colorimetric: diacetyl

▪️Enz: NH3 -specific, expensive

48

Part of pituitary gland that do not produce enzymes but rather secretes them.

POSTERIOR

49

BSC CLASS OF LAMINAR FLOW

II

50

Grade of water used for preparation of std solution

Type I water

51

Transcribe RACE

Rescue
Alarm
Contain
Extinguish

52

Characterized of havibg 6 or more consecutive values that either ⬆️ or ⬇️ over 6 days.

Trend

53

Having 6 or more consecutive values that distributre on one side or either side of the mean.

SHIFT

54

Most potent estrogen

Estradiol (E2)

55

Classical rxn associated to estrogen

KOBER RXN

56

Rgt used in Kober rxn

Hydroquinone sulfuric acid
(+) pink

57

LD Rxn
Forward:
Reverse:

F: WACKER
R: WROBLEWSKI-LaDue

58

CK Rxn
Forward:
Reverse:

F: Tanzer-Gilvarg
R: Oliver-Rosalski

59

HLD level risk for heart dse

<35 / <40mg/dl

Protective: >60

60

“Floating B-lpp”

B-VLDL

61

“Sinking pre-B lpp”

Lp (a)

62

Highest concentration of B-VLDL

Type 3 hyperlipoproteinemia

63

Routinely measured electrolytes

Na
K
Cl
HCO3

64

LDL Chole can be computed from measurements of:

TAG
TC
HDL

65

Na concentration in diabetic px

⬇️

66

Ac used in most chemistry test

Lithium heparin
- has least interference with analysis

67

Cx (2) that show pronounced ⬆️ (>5x the normal) of AST:

Acute pancreatitis
MI

68

Single most impt use of SERUM ELECTROPHORESIS:

Detection of MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY

69

Counterbalance of SODIUM

Chloride

70

Driving force of bicarbonate system

CO2

71

Relationship of CHLORIDE AND BICARBONATE LEVELS

Inverse

72

Blood glucose level considered to be HYPOGLYCEMIC

<50mg/dl

73

Liver fxn test for overall capacity to transport bile:

SERUM BILIRUBIN LEVELS

74

An enzyme which is a part of the liver and biliary fxn tests which assess abnormalities of the BILE-DUCT EPITHELIUM

ALP

75

BICARBONATE:CARBONIC ACID

20:1

76

If blood spx with ⬆️WBC is left standing= effect to glucose

Substantial ⬇️

77

An instrument that us s a diffraction grating monochromator.

Spectrophotometer

78

Organs that secretes hormones (4)

Anterior Pit Gland
posterior P.G
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid gland

79

Most sensitive and specific screening test for CUSHING’s syndrome.

24HR Urinary cortisol test

*others:
▪️overnight dexamethasone suppression test (most common)
▪️salivary cortisol test

CONFIRMATORY:
▪️Low-Dose Dexamethasone supp. Test
▪️midnight plasma cortisol (>7.5 ug/dL)
▪️CRH stimulation test

80

Burning electrical equipment is Type __ fire hazard.

C

81

Considered as one-step mtd for Cholesterol determination

Lieberman-Burchardt

82

Term used for ELEVATED urea in blood

AZOTEMIA

83

Enzyme having the LEAST organ-specificity

LDH (unreliable marker)

84

Condition where there is ARTIFACTUAL HYPERALBUMINEMIA

Prolonged tourniquet application

85

Marker for breast cancer

CA 15.3

86

Cortisol is highest at ___ and ⬇️ in the ____.

8am
Afternoon (lowest: 10-12pm)

87

Damage in the biliary epithelium: effect to ALT

⬆️

88

Are routinely used to assess kidney fxn

K
Creatinine

89

Order of draw

STOP LIGHT RED GREEN LIGHT GO
SPS
Light blue
Red
Green
Lavender
Gray

90

LDH has moderate specificity to: (3)

Heart
Liver
Skeletal muscle

91

Are considered as risk factor for coronary heart dse

TAG

92

Things that must be investigated by the physician in an asymptomatic DM px: (3)

▪️history of vascular dse
▪️history of insulin resistance
▪️hypertension

93

Accdg to NCEP GUIDELINES, the coefficient of variation for HDL chole should be =4%

=4%

94

Abrupt change in ctrl values leads to: shift or trend?

Shift

95

Shows relative concentration of a solution.

Dilution

96

Enzyme that catalyzes an oxidation-reduction rxn

LDH

97

A condition which will cause a pronounces AST elevation

Viral hepatitis

98

Most affected electrolyte by hemolysis

K

99

This participates in the maintenance of blood pH (7)

Hgb

100

The cause of metabolic acidosis

⬇️HCO3

101

Effect of CONN’S Dse to Na and K

⬆️Na
⬇️K

102

Disorders caused by FAULTY FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES

▪️HIRSUTISM
▪️PCOS (POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SX)

103

This can cause sterility and infertility: hyper or hyposecretion of GONADOTROPINS

Hypo

104

Is used in the laboratory which demonstrates the Westgard Multirules

Levey-Jennings Chart (Dot Chart)

105

Earliest marker for ACUTE PANCREATITIS

Amylase

106

Most specific marker for ACUTE PANCREATITIS

Lipase

107

Spx delayed for glucose testing stored in the ref will exhibit glycolysis at the rate of:

2mg/dl/hr