Flashcards in CDE Test Deck (70):
Corn is deficient in what essential amino acid for swine?
The practice of feeding a ration for ten days to two weeks before breeding and two weeks after breeding that causes a ewe to gain rapidly is know as:
The type of muscle composing most of the meat (flesh) in farm animals:
The most important consideration for breeding yearling heifers:
Which type of breeding system can produce hardier, vigorous lambs with more rapid gains?
US No. 1 swine carcasses have and average backfat thickness of
less than 1.00
Which class of sheep is noted for producing a fleece, medium in in firmness and in length
medium wool breeds
This breed of swine originated from the eastern United States and is known for its growth rate and feed conversion efficiency.
Which breed of swine introduced the Napole gene which is responsible for excess acid and can negatively effect meat quality?
Breed of cattle originating from Switzerland and known and known for being docile, having rapid growth and thick muscling
This disease is a chronic infection of cattle that causes a thickening of the wall of the intestine
The This is the largest compartment of a ruminant stomach:
Which of the following is called the true stomach of a ruminant?
Most food nutrients used by the animal are absorbed from the
What organ in the animal's body produces bile
What are the main energy nutrients found in animal rations?
The lowest level of response to the use of antibiotics in swine feeding is during the
Which hormone implant has been approved for use with feedlot lambs?
What breed of beef cattle is the leader in total number registered since 1970 in the US?
The first pure breed of beef cattle imported to the US (Virginia) in 1783 were the:
Which breed has the highest standard birth weights used in performance testing programs
When judging a market class of beef cattle the term referring to the natural fleshing of the animal is
Feeding programs for beef cow-calf herds are based on the use of:
What type of identification is commonly used, especially with large herds, and required by law in most western states?
Which is NOT one of the main minerals needed in rations for finishing cattle
Which disease often causes cattle to abort during the last half of pregnancy?
What disease is carried b insects and affects the eyes of cattle?
A nutritional problem where rapid fermentation in the rumen, causing too much gas being produced is called:
Which pure breed of swine, developed int he early 1700s, was the first to be imported to the United States?
Which is the most important nutrient in hog rations?
The time during which and animal is pregnant is:
Whit is the period of time when a female will accept the male for breeding?
What common swine disease, caused by bacteria, affects the turbinate bones located in the snout?
Anemia is a condition affecting mainly baby pigs due to a diet deficient in:
The sudden death of heavily muscled hogs is referred to as
Porcine Stress Syndrome
The American Merino breed of sheep is classified as a :
Fine wool bread
Which breed of sheep was developed in France?
Back fat of lambs should measure 0.15 to 0.20 inches at the:
The gestation time for sheep is:
Which of the quality grades is used for lambs and yearlings, but not for slaughter sheep?
Swine were first domesticated around 4900 BC by the:
Which bone is a part of the pelvic limb in the skeletal system of livestock?
Vertebra bones are classified as :
The bones in the front legs of an animal make up the:
Air is drawn into the respiratory system through the
The kidneys and bladder are major components of the:
The digestive system in swine begins with the
In cattle and sheep, the rumen and reticulum make up what percent of the stomach>
The key to absorbtion is the small finger-like projections on the walls of the small intestine called:
Feed nutrient made of sugars and starches are:
Which feed nutrients have the highest energy value?
Which feed nutrient is the most important on a daily basis for livestock?
Livestock feeds that contain more tan 18% crude fiber when dry are called:
Protein supplements are livestock feeds containing what percent proteins:
20% or more
A ration that tastes good to an animal which promotes consumption, is said to be:
The primary use of the nutrients in a ration for livestock is
A maintenance ration for beef cattle is primarily:
The diploid number (number of pairs of chromosomes) for swine is:
What occurs when a sperm cell from the male reaches and egg cell from the female?
The characteristics of an animal that are inheritable are passed from one generation to the next by:
The average length of the estrus cycle for sheep is:
The first successful cloning of livestock was done in 1996 with:
The mating of animals of different families within the same breed is:
The typical market hog will produce a carcass weighing:
According to the Nation Pork Producers Council, the goal for ideal market hogs is to have a minimum loin muscle area of:
6.5 square inches
A visual evaluation of the amount of muscle on a hog is best seen by looking at which view of the hog?
Which classes of sheep are bred primarily for meat?
medium wool breeds
Sheep are a major livestock enterprise in which area of the United States?
The section of the vertebra that makes up the neck in cattle, swine, or sheep is the: