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Flashcards in CDE Test Deck (70):
1

Corn is deficient in what essential amino acid for swine?

Lysine

2

The practice of feeding a ration for ten days to two weeks before breeding and two weeks after breeding that causes a ewe to gain rapidly is know as:

Flushing

3

The type of muscle composing most of the meat (flesh) in farm animals:

Striated involuntary

4

The most important consideration for breeding yearling heifers:

size

5

Which type of breeding system can produce hardier, vigorous lambs with more rapid gains?

Crossbreeeding

6

US No. 1 swine carcasses have and average backfat thickness of

less than 1.00

7

Which class of sheep is noted for producing a fleece, medium in in firmness and in length

medium wool breeds

8

This breed of swine originated from the eastern United States and is known for its growth rate and feed conversion efficiency.

Duroc

9

Which breed of swine introduced the Napole gene which is responsible for excess acid and can negatively effect meat quality?

Pietrain

10

Breed of cattle originating from Switzerland and known and known for being docile, having rapid growth and thick muscling

Simmental

11

This disease is a chronic infection of cattle that causes a thickening of the wall of the intestine

Johne's disease

12

The This is the largest compartment of a ruminant stomach:

Rumen

13

Which of the following is called the true stomach of a ruminant?

Abomasum

14

Most food nutrients used by the animal are absorbed from the

small intestine

15

What organ in the animal's body produces bile

liver

16

What are the main energy nutrients found in animal rations?

carbohydrates

17

The lowest level of response to the use of antibiotics in swine feeding is during the

finishing stage

18

Which hormone implant has been approved for use with feedlot lambs?

Ralgo

19

What breed of beef cattle is the leader in total number registered since 1970 in the US?

Angus

20

The first pure breed of beef cattle imported to the US (Virginia) in 1783 were the:

Shorhorn

21

Which breed has the highest standard birth weights used in performance testing programs

Charolais

22

When judging a market class of beef cattle the term referring to the natural fleshing of the animal is

muscling

23

Feeding programs for beef cow-calf herds are based on the use of:

Roughages

24

What type of identification is commonly used, especially with large herds, and required by law in most western states?

branding

25

Which is NOT one of the main minerals needed in rations for finishing cattle
a. Salt
b. Phosphorus
c. copper
d. Calcium

C. Copper

26

Which disease often causes cattle to abort during the last half of pregnancy?

Brucellosis

27

What disease is carried b insects and affects the eyes of cattle?

pinkeye

28

A nutritional problem where rapid fermentation in the rumen, causing too much gas being produced is called:

bloat

29

Which pure breed of swine, developed int he early 1700s, was the first to be imported to the United States?

Berkshire

30

Which is the most important nutrient in hog rations?

Water

31

The time during which and animal is pregnant is:

gestation

32

Whit is the period of time when a female will accept the male for breeding?

estrus

33

What common swine disease, caused by bacteria, affects the turbinate bones located in the snout?

Atrophic Rhinitis

34

Anemia is a condition affecting mainly baby pigs due to a diet deficient in:

iron

35

The sudden death of heavily muscled hogs is referred to as

Porcine Stress Syndrome

36

The American Merino breed of sheep is classified as a :

Fine wool bread

37

Which breed of sheep was developed in France?

Rambouillet

38

Back fat of lambs should measure 0.15 to 0.20 inches at the:

12th rib

39

The gestation time for sheep is:

148 days

40

Which of the quality grades is used for lambs and yearlings, but not for slaughter sheep?

prime

41

Swine were first domesticated around 4900 BC by the:

Chinese

42

Which bone is a part of the pelvic limb in the skeletal system of livestock?

Tibia

43

Vertebra bones are classified as :

Irregular

44

The bones in the front legs of an animal make up the:

Pectoral limbs

45

Air is drawn into the respiratory system through the

notrils

46

The kidneys and bladder are major components of the:

urinary system

47

The digestive system in swine begins with the

mouth

48

In cattle and sheep, the rumen and reticulum make up what percent of the stomach>

85%

49

The key to absorbtion is the small finger-like projections on the walls of the small intestine called:

villi

50

Feed nutrient made of sugars and starches are:

Simple carbohydrates

51

Which feed nutrients have the highest energy value?

Fats

52

Which feed nutrient is the most important on a daily basis for livestock?

Water

53

Livestock feeds that contain more tan 18% crude fiber when dry are called:

Roughages

54

Protein supplements are livestock feeds containing what percent proteins:

20% or more

55

A ration that tastes good to an animal which promotes consumption, is said to be:

Palatable

56

The primary use of the nutrients in a ration for livestock is

Maintanance

57

A maintenance ration for beef cattle is primarily:

roughages

58

The diploid number (number of pairs of chromosomes) for swine is:

19

59

What occurs when a sperm cell from the male reaches and egg cell from the female?

fertilization

60

The characteristics of an animal that are inheritable are passed from one generation to the next by:

Genes

61

The average length of the estrus cycle for sheep is:

16 days

62

The first successful cloning of livestock was done in 1996 with:

sheep

63

The mating of animals of different families within the same breed is:

Outcrossing

64

The typical market hog will produce a carcass weighing:

184 pounds

65

According to the Nation Pork Producers Council, the goal for ideal market hogs is to have a minimum loin muscle area of:

6.5 square inches

66

A visual evaluation of the amount of muscle on a hog is best seen by looking at which view of the hog?

rear

67

Which classes of sheep are bred primarily for meat?

medium wool breeds

68

Sheep are a major livestock enterprise in which area of the United States?

Western range

69

The section of the vertebra that makes up the neck in cattle, swine, or sheep is the:

cervical vertebrae

70

The "Femur" is classified as what type of bone?

long