CE - Chapter 6 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

SHS (Zielke) Science 9 - Characteristics of Electricity > CE - Chapter 6 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in CE - Chapter 6 Vocabulary Deck (17)
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1

Conduction

The movement or transmission of electrons through a substance (Pg. 210)

2

Conductivity

The ability of a material to allow electrons to move freely within it (Pg. 210)

3

Conductor

A material that allows the movement of electrons (Pg. 210)

4

Electric Charges

Charged particles that exert a force on each other (Pg. 206)

5

Electric Discharge

The process by which electric charges are transferred very quickly (Pg. 217)

6

Electron Affinity

The tendency of a substance to hold onto electrons (Pg. 208)

7

Electrons

A negatively charged particle in an atom, located outside the nucleus of the atom (Pg. 152, 207)

8

Electroscope

An instrument that can detect static electric charges (Pg. 213)

9

Electrostatics

The study of static electric charges (Pg. 213)

10

Friction

The force that occurs when objects rub against each other (Pg. 208)

11

Grounding

The process of connecting a charged object to Earth’s surface (Pg. 217)

12

Induction

The movement of electrons within an object caused by a nearby charged object, without direct contact between the two objects (Pg. 216)

13

Insulator

A material that resists or blocks the movement of electrons (Pg. 210)

14

Neutrons

A neutral particle in an atom, located in the nucleus of an atom (Pg. 153, 207)

15

Nucleus

The center of an atom where all of the atom’s positive charge and most of an atom’s mass is concentrated (Pg. 152, 207)

16

Protons

A positively charged particle in an atom, located in the nucleus of the atom (Pg. 152, 207)

17

Static Electric Charge

An electric charge that builds up on the surface of an object (Pg. 207)