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Flashcards in Cell Cycles Deck (16):
1

The division of the parent into two identical daughter progeny in prokaryotic cells is called _________ ______.

Binary fission

2

Asexual reproduction in plants and animals is an example of _______ cell division.

mitotic

3

The interphase stage of the cell cycle includes what three phases?

G1 phase, S phase, G2 phase

4

In what phase do daughter cells enlarge after just finishing mitosis and cytokinesis?

G1

5

In what phase do the cells prepare for division?

G2

6

What process involves prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase?

Mitosis

7

In what phase do duplicated chromosomes condense and coil?

prophase

8

In what phase do duplicated chromosomes align end on end at the centre of the cell?

metaphase

9

What three types of microtubules are a part of metaphase?

polar- seperate the two poles, kinetochore- bind to the protein near the centomere to pull the chromosome, astral- anchor the spindle's two poles

10

Centrioles at each centrosome are found in what type of cell?

ANIMAL

11

In what phase are the centromere of each duplicated chromosome separated as individual chromatids and pulled along the kinetochore?

anaphase

12

In what phase do chromosomes reach the poles and the nuclear envelope reforms, while the chromosomes start to condense and uncoil?

telophase

13

What phase includes the portioning of the mother cell's cytoplasm? It happens in animal cells as a cleavage furrow and plant cells as a cell wall.

cytokinesis

14

The life cycles of fungi and algae are _______ dominant

haploid

15

crossing over (or chiasma) can occur in what part of meiosis?

prophase I

16

At metaphase I tetrads line up _________

vertically