Flashcards in Cells Deck (40):
Fill in the blanks: _____ reproduction occurs when offspring are produced without uniting a sperm and egg.
Fill in the blanks: ________ is a form of asexual reproduction that occurs when a small cell "pinches" off from a large cell.
Fill in the blanks: _____________is a form of asexual reproduction that occurs when new plants grow from the roots, stem, or leaves of other plants.
Fill in the blanks: ________________ is a form of asexual reproduction that occurs when one cell "pinches" into two identical cells.
Fill in the blanks: _______ and ______ both use budding for reproduction.
Yeast and hydra
Fill in the blanks: ________ can reproduce by binary fission.
Fill in the blanks: Asexual reproduction results in offspring that are _______, genetically identical to each other.
Fill in the blanks: ______ reproduction occurs when a sperm is united with an egg.
Fill in the blanks: ___________ or growth is the process by which an organism is able to grow back a lost or broken body part.
Fill in the blanks: _________ and _________ are organisms that are able to reproduce through the process of regeneration.
Sea starts and planarian
Fill in the blanks: _________ is a hormone associated with male sexual development and reproduction.
Fill in the blanks: _______ and _______ are hormones associated with female sexual development and reproduction.
estrogen and progesterone
Fill in the blanks: _______ the organ that allows nutrients and oxygen to pass from the mother's blood to the fetus.
Fill in the blanks: _______ the unborn, developing young of an animal or human during the later stages of pregnancy.
Fill in the blanks: _______ an organism in the early stages of development.
Fill in the blanks: _______ the cell that results from the joining of the egg and sperm.
Fill in the blanks: ______ the process that divides the cell's nucleus into two, each with a complete set of DNA from the parent cell.
Fill in the blanks: ______ the process that results in the production of sex cells (sperm and egg)
Fill in the blanks: ______ the process that combines the nucleus of a sperm with the nucleus of an egg cell.
Fill in the blanks: ______ include the sex cells: sperm and egg.
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria
The tiny structures within cells that carry out a specific function within the cell
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
A starting material in a chemical reaction
A microscopic pore surrounded by guard cells in the epidermis of leaves and stems that allows gas exchange between the environment and the interior of the plant.
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light and energy and use it to power chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and energy-rich carbohydrates, such as sugars and starches.
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs
Define: cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen. Takes place in the mitochondria.
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur.
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements joined by chemical bonds
Define: cell wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms.
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved minerals from the roots of a plant to its leaves
Living vascular tissue that carries sugar and organic substances throughout a plant
Define: cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or leave the cell.
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus
Contains DNA which controls how the body grows and changes.
Made of materials including DNA carry instructions for the cells to do their jobs