Ch 1 ACSM - Risks and Benefits of PA Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 1 ACSM - Risks and Benefits of PA Deck (45):
1

mobilization

low workload activity to manage cardiopulmonary dysfunction

2

goal of mobilization

optimize oxygen transport through exercise

3

mobilization prescription

provides gravitational and exercise stimulus

4

physical activity

bodily movement produced by muscle contraction that increases metabolic demand substantially over the resting state

5

goal of physical activity

activity aimed at improving aerobic capacity

6

physical activity prescription

150 mins of moderate to vigorous OR 300 mins of moderate intensity

7

exercise

a form a physical activity that is structured and repetitive; moderate intensity

8

goal of exercise

maximize function of oxygen transport to all structures

9

exercise prescription

prescribed by PTs in the management of subacute and chronic cardiopulmonary conditions

10

training

systematic application of progressive exercise to elicits physiological, functional, or skills-based goals

11

goal of training

completion of a specific activity to improved a patient-defined goal

12

training prescription

includes and anaerobic exercise and resistance exercise

13

oxygen consumption

amount of oxygen taken in during activity (VO2)

14

goal of oxygen consumption

improved aerobic capacity

15

oxygen consumption prescription

increasing PA will improve VO2

16

health-related physical fitness components

cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility

17

cardiorespiratory endurance

ability of the CP system to supply oxygen during PA

18

body composition

relative amounts of muscle, fat, bone, and other vital parts of the body

19

muscular strength

ability of muscle to exert force

20

muscular endurance

ability of muscle to continue to perform without fatigue

21

flexibility

ROM available at a joint

22

how can the PT affect health-related physical fitness components if a patient presents with an impairment in any of these areas?

through prescription of training and identifying deficits of body structure and function and addressing them through a plan of care

23

skill-related physical fitness components

agility, coordination, balance, power, reaction time, speed

24

agility

ability to change position in space with speed and accuracy

25

coordination

ability to use the senses together with body to perform smooth movement

26

balance

maintain equilibrium during static and dynamic tasks

27

power

ability or rate at which work can be performed

28

reaction time

time elapsed between stimulation and reaction

29

speed

ability to perform in a short amount of time

30

how can the PT affect skill-related physical fitness component if a patient presents with an impairment in any of these areas?

all of these skills could be intervened on by the PT by tailoring the intervention to improve patient performance of physical activity for the functional demands of motor task

31

ACSM-AHA Physical Activity Recommendations

- healthy adults 18-65 y/o
- mod. intensity aerobic PA for minimum of 30min/day, 5 day/wk
- OR vig. intensity for minimum of 20 min/day, 3 day/wk
- combo of mod. and vig. intensity ex. can be performed to meet reccommendations
- every adult should perform activities that maintain or increase muscular strength and endurance for a minimum or 2 day/wk
- accumulate 150 min/wk of mod intensity OR 75 min/wk of vig intensity
- exceeding minimum recommendations has a positive dose-response relationship

32

dose-response relationship

additional health benefits result from greater amounts of PA

33

benefits of exercise and PA

box 1.4

34

benefits of muscular fitness (strength and endurance)

- better cardiometabolic risk factor profile
- lower risk of all-cause mortality
- fewer CVD events
- lower risk of developing physical function limitations
- lower risk for non-fatal disease

35

which diagnoses are listed as improving with regular strength training?

osteoporosis, chronic back pain, depression, anxiety, fatigue

36

which two body systems are most at risk for injury related to participation in PA?

musculoskeletal and cardiovascular

37

two important factors affect risk due to PA

intensity and type of exercise

38

which age groups are most at risk for sports-related injuries

children age 12-17 and children < 12 y/o; SOOO less than 18 (?)

39

which are 3 most common anatomical sites to obtain injury

foot, ankle, knee

40

b/c of low prevalence of CVD in 30-40 y/o, risk of sudden cardiac death is low; usually caused by _______ or _____ instead. Risk is higher in _____ than in _____.

congenital abnormalities; hereditary anomalies; men; women

41

exercise-related cardiac events in adults increased with _____ and ______

increasing age; sedentary lifestyles

42

According to ACSM Guidelines for Exercise Testing & Prescription, there is a significant difference in adverse events when the intensity of exercise moves from _______ to ________. RIsk decreases with increase in ______ (FITT-VP principle).

moderate intensity; vigorous intensity; volume
* (inc volume = dec risk of injury)

43

decreased risk associated with _____ and therefore considered safer than symptom-limited max exercise testing

submax exercise testing

44

How many years would a PT need to complete (PT works 40 hr/wk) before experiencing a nonfatal complication in a patient? How about for a fatal complication?

- non-fatal = 16.5 years
- fatal = 56 years

45

pathologic conditions related to exercise-related events

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