Flashcards in Ch. 1 and 2 Rhetorical Terms Deck (29):
rhetorical triangle (Aristotelian triangle)
diagram that illustrates the interrelationship among the speaker, audience, and subject in determining a text
an acknowledgement that an opposing argument may be true or reasonable. In a strong argument, a concession is usually accompanied by a refutation challenging the validity of the opposing argument.
meanings or associations that readers have with a word beyond its dictionary definition, or denotation. Usually positive or negative, and can greatly affect the author's tone.
the circumstances, atmosphere, attitudes, and events surrounding a text
Greek for "character." Speakers appeal to ethos to demonstrate credibility on a given topic. Established both by who you are and what you say.
Greek for "embodied thought." Speakers appeal to logos, or reason, by offering clear, rational ideas and using specific details, examples, facts, and statistics.
the time and place a speech is given or a piece is written
Greek for "suffering" or "experience." Speakers appeal to pathos to emotionally motivate their audience.
Greek for "mask." The face or character that a speaker shows to his or her audience.
Greek for "hostile." An aggressive argument that tries to establish the superiority of one's opinion over others. Polemics generally do not concede that opposing opinions have merit.
the spread of ideas and information to further a cause
a denial of the validity of an opposing argument. In order to sound reasonable, usually follow a concession.
the art of finding ways to persuade an audience
techniques used to persuade an audience by emphasizing what they find most important or compelling
Elements that make up the rhetorical situation: mnemonic device that stands for Subject, Occasion, Audience, Purpose, and Speaker.
repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines
repetition of words in reverse order
opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a parallel construction
"Support any friend, oppose any foe..."
omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words
"We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship..."
sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the sentence and then builds and adds on
sentence that implores or calls to action
"Let both sides explore what problems unite us..."
used to command or enjoin
"Ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man."
introverted order of words in a sentence (variation of the subject-verb-subject order) "Divided there is little we can do."
placement of two things closely together to highlight similarities or differences
paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another
similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses
sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end
"To the United Nations, our last best hope...we renew our support"
figure of speech that uses part to represent a whole
For example: White House represents America