ch 12 female part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch 12 female part 2 Deck (56)
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1

Atresia

Congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina

2

Choriocarcinoma

Malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy

3

Dyspareunia

Occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse

4

Endocervicitis

Inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri

5

Retroversion

Turning or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ, such as the uterus, being tipped from its normal position

6

Uterine fibroids

Benign tumors composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that develop in the uterus;also called leiomyomas, myomas, or fibroids

7

Sterility

Inability of the female to become pregnant or the male to impregnate the female

8

Abortion

Termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus

9

Abruptio placentae

Premature separation of the placenta from the uterus wall before the third stage of labor;also called placental abruption

10

Breech presentation

Common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present first rather than head first

11

Down syndrome

Genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46 and occurs when there is an extra copy of chromosomes 21 (trisomy), which causes delays in the way a child develops mentally and physically; also called trisomy 21

12

Eclampsia

Most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy

13

Ectopic pregnancy

Pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine cavity but becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of the uterine cavity, such as a Fallopian tube, an ovary, the abdomen, or even the cervix uteri

14

Placenta previa

Obstetric complications in which the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervical canal that results in bleeding during labor when the cervix dilates

15

Intrauterine device (IUD)

Small T-shaped device inserted by a physician inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy

16

Cerclage

Suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion

17

Cesarean section

Incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove the fetus; also called C-section

18

Colpocleisis

Surgical closure of the vaginal canal

19

Conization

Excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue,such as mucosa of the cervix, for histological examination

20

Cordocentesis

Sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed under ultrasound guidance

21

Cryosurgery

Process of freezing tissue to destroy cells;also called cryocautery

22

Dilation and curettage (D&C)

Widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette

23

Hysterectomy

Excision of the uterus

24

Subtotal

Hysterectomy where the cervix, ovaries, and Fallopian tubes remain

25

Total

Hysterectomy where the cervix is removed but the ovaries and Fallopian tubes remain;also called complete hysterectomy

26

Total plus bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

Total (complete) hysterectomy, including removal of the uterus, cervix, Fallopian tubes, ovaries

27

Laparoscopy

Visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope through one or more small incisions in the abdomeinal wall, usually at the umbilicus

28

Transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap

Surgical creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen, which is passed under the skin to the breast area, and then shaping the abdominal tissue (flap) into a natural-looking breast and suturing it into place

29

Tubal ligation

Procedure that ties (ligates) the Fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy

30

Amniocentesis

Transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle ( position is verified by US on a monitor screen) and syringe to remove amniotic fluid