Ch. 22: Care Of Pt W/ Cancer Flashcards Preview

Nursing III > Ch. 22: Care Of Pt W/ Cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 22: Care Of Pt W/ Cancer Deck (12):
1

Advanced cancer often have an impact on:

Immunity and clotting
GI Function
Peripheral Nerve Sensory Perception
Central Motor and Sensory Function
Respiratory and Cardiac Function
Comfort and Quality of Life

2

Pts with anemia usually has (sx)?

Fatigue
SOB
Tachycardia

3

Cancer has a negative impact on the adult’s?

Physical and psychological functioning and quality of life

4

Anemia

Decreases the # of red blood cells, and it causes thrombocytopenia (decrease number of platelets), resulting in impaired clotting

Changes may be caused by the disease or by cancer treatment, especially chemotherapy

5

Cachexia

How does it Develop?

Extreme body wasting and malnutrition

Develops from an imbalance between food intake and energy use and may occur despite adequate nutrition intake

6

What are some approaches suggested to maintain good nutrition during cancer treatment?

Eat a healthy diet rich and complex carbohydrates (fiber) and protein
Eating smaller and frequent meals
Taking nutritional supplements for drinks between meals

7

Neurotoxic Chemotherapy Agents

Injures peripheral nerves, leading to peripheral neuropathy with reduced sensory perception

Patients with chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) report loss of sensation, especially in the lower extremities

8

Sx of CIPN?

Numbness, tingling, neuropathic pain, and changes in gait and balance

9

What is the purpose of cancer management?

To cure or control the disease will minimizing the side effects of therapy

10

The types of Cancer therapy

Surgery
Radiation
Chemotherapy
Immunotherapy (Biological response modifiers, molecularly targeted therapy)
Photodynamic Therapy
Hormonal Therapy

11

Therapy use on cancer depends on what?

1. Type of cancer
2. Whether the cancer can spread (metastasis)
3. Overall health and functional status of the patient

12

Surgery:
Prophylactic Surgery?

Removes potentially cancerous tissues as a means of preventing cancer development.

Performs when a pt has either an existing premalignant condition or a strong predisposition for development of a specific cancer

Ex: Removing benign polyp from colon before it can develop into colon cancer