Ch 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 4 Deck (30):
1

Harrow (v)
[har oh]

To distress
Create stress or torment

2

Imbroglio (n)
[im brohl yoh]

Difficult or embarrassing situation
Misunderstanding

3

Laud (v)
[lahd]

To praise highly

4

Martinet (n)
[mar ti NET]

A rigid disciplinarian
Someone who stubbornly adheres to methods or rules

5

Neologism (n)

A new word, expression

6

Obstreperous (adj)
[ahb STREP uh rus]

Resisting control, noisy, loudly stubborn, boisterous

7

Paradigm (n)

Something that serves as a model, example, or pattern
The framework of assumption and understanding

8

Querulous (adj)

Prone to complaining
Full of complaints

9

Rarefy (v)
[RAYR uh fy]

To make or become thin, less dense, refine

10

Salutary (adj)
[SAL too ter ee]

Causing improvement , wholesome
Promoting beneficial purpose

11

Tautology (n)
[taw TAHL uh gee]

A repetition, a redundancy
A circular argument

12

Untenable (adj)

Incapable of being defended (argument , thesis)
Uninhabitable ( apartment, house)

13

Venerate (v)

To revere, honor, respect

14

Whet (n)
[wet]

To sharpen or stimulate

15

Abscond (v)
[ab SKAHND]

To depart in a sudden and secret manner
To steal off and hide

16

Belie (v)
[bih LYE]

To give a false impression of
To misrepresent

17

Calumniate (v)

To make a false accusation, to slander

18

Deleterious (adj)
[del uhTEER ee us]

Harmful, injurious


- deleterious influences

19

Efficacy

The ability to produce an intended result
Effectiveness

20

Fawn (v)

To flatter or praise excessively

21

Gauche (adj)
[gohsh]

Awkward, crude, tactless

22

Hedonism (n)
[HEE dun izm]

Devotion to pleasurable pursuits
Devotion to pleasure as a way of life

23

Imminent (adj)

About to happen
Impending

24

Lethargic (adj)
[luh THAR jij]

Characterized by drowsiness or sluggishness , lacking in energy

25

Maunder (v)
[MAHN dur]

To talk or move aimlessly
Mutter

26

Neophyte (n)
[NEE uh fyt]

A beginner, novice
A recent convert

27

Obtain (v)

To be established, accepted
To come into possession, acquire

28

Pariah (n)
[puh RY uh]

An outcast, a rejected and despised person

29

Quiescence (n)
[kwy ES unts]

Stillness, motionless
Quality of being at rest

30

Rebus (n)
[REE bus]

Riddle, a representation of words by pictures or symbols that sound like the words