Flashcards in Ch. 4: Designing an Incident Safety Officer System Deck (97)
What shall define criteria for the response of a pre-designated incident safety officer?
Standard operating procedures
The design of the ISO program should address what key questions?
Who responds and fills the ISO role?
What type of incidents necessitate the use of an ISO?
What tools and training are necessary to maximize ISO effectiveness?
How will an incident commander truly going to make a difference at an incident scene?
The delegation of the safety function being PROACTIVE.
How can a fire department be proactive in the delegation and placement of an ISO?
They need to preplan the ISO response.
When is the ISO most effective in the incident?
When they arrive early in the incident.
A few incident commanders believe that any fire officer should be able to fill the ISO position, at anytime, under any circumstances, at the will and want of the IC - therefore, the agency really doesn't need to create an ISO system.
This thinking is flawed, it is dangerous.
The majority of deaths and injuries on the fireground occur where?
At residential structure fires.
What should be appointed early at an incident or responds automatically to pre-designated fires?
A separate ISO, independent from the IC
What does "environmental change" as applied to residential structure fire mean?
Fire propagation, building degradation, and smoke volatility.
What can smoke explosion, backdrafts, partial collapse, the presence of accelerant fuels, and other phenomena cause in the firefighting environment?
Within what time frame may the IC be orchestrating seven to ten simultaneous assignments?
Within 20 minutes
The rapidly changing environment early in a fire is grounds for the early appointment of a __________ ________.
What is a key to preventing injuries?
Enabling the IC to monitor the numerous simultaneous activities during the first 20 minutes.
What does the good IC want appointed early on in the incident?
Who should perform some kind of risk/benefit analysis at a working fire?
The first-arriving firefighters.
Why is the initial risk analysis come with a certain amount of risk?
Because the firefighters may not know the full extent of the dangers at hand upon arrival.
When do firefighters actually begin taking risks?
Upon arrival - or at "zero time"
When can firefighter risk taking become extreme or high?
Early stages of a fire incident.
Risks are usually greater early on in an incident; therefore?
That is when a safety officer is needed.
What do fire and rescue departments that wish to make a difference in the reduction of firefighter injuries and death develop?
A system to get the ISO on scene or appointed early on in an incident.
When does an incident warrant close monitoring of firefighters and firefighting operations?
The first 20 minutes.
When is the most dangerous time at an incident?
The critical point when they are making aggressive efforts to rescue victims and stop a rapidly growing fire.
What is essential for firefighter safety?
The early assignment of an ISO.
How should an ISO response be planned when an ISO should be present on all working residential fires and for highly technical or complex incidents?
The response should be preplanned (proactive).
What does firefighter statistics show that we need?
To have a dedicated ISO more often than sooner.
What is the goal to have to respond to certain incidents with a high risk to firefighters?
A predesignated, trained ISO
What presents a profusion of hazards that require immediate understanding - again requiring an early ISO response?
What should trigger an ISO response?
The report of an actual hostile fire
What do first-arriving company officers have to evaluate in the wildland or wildland/urban interface incident?
Evaluate fuels, weather, topography, fire conditions, access, and the defensibility of threatened structures.