Ch. 9 Joints Flashcards Preview

A&P Test 2 Ch. 5,6,7,8 > Ch. 9 Joints > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 9 Joints Deck (28):
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Explain Fibrous joints and types

3 types; No synovial space-fibrous tissue used to hold together

1

Suture joint

In skull; no movement; fibrous joint

2

Syndesmoses

Band between bones, little or slight movement

3

Interosseous membrane

Hold the 2 limb bones together, permits slight movemnet

4

Cartilaginous joints

2 types
Synchondrosis-cartilage holds bone together, old epeiphysis plate, no movt
Symphsis-band of tissue holds bone together, little or slight movement

5

Synovial joints

6; Space between bones is called synovial space, filled with small amount of fluid

6

Planar joints

Synovial joint
Nonaxial movt
Side to side
Back and forth

7

Hinge joint

-synovial joint
-monoaxial
-movt in one plane

8

Pivot joint

-synovial joint
-monoaxial
-twirls around axis

9

Condlyoid joint

-synovial
-biaxial
-moves on 2 axis

10

Saddle joint

-synovial
-biaxial

11

Ball in socket joint

-synovial
-polyaxial
-spins in socket

12

Gliding

Side to side and back and forth ↔️

13

Flexion

Decreases the angle between the bones

14

Extension

Increases the angle between the bones

15

Hyperextension

Extension beyond normal limits

16

Lateral flexion

Side bending of the spine

17

Rotation

Bone revolves on its own axis

18

Abduction

Moving AWAY from the midline

19

Adduction

Moving TOWARDS the midline

20

Circumfusion

End of extremity doing a circle

21

Inversion

Soles of foot move inward

22

Eversion

Soles of foot move outward

23

Dorsiflexion

Ankle bends foot toward the dorsum of foot

24

Plantar flexion

Ankle bends foot towards plantar surface of foot

25

Pronation

Palm of hand turned to ground

26

Suppination

Palm of hand turned toward sky

27

Opposition

Thumb moving across palm toward fingers