ch1 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch1 vocab Deck (31):
1

geographic perspective

how you view the word through a certain perspective

2

longitude

distance east/west of the prime meridian

3

latitude

distance north/south of the equator

4

global positioning system (GPS)

navigation system that pinpoints the geographic position of someone using satellites

5

sustainable

able to continue for a long time without depletion of the resource

6

globalization

globalizing including effects on the environment, economy, technology, culture and politics

7

geology

the study of the earths history and physical structure (crust/rocks)

8

topography

the surface structure and features of specific land in an area (shape of the land)

9

sedimentary rock

rock formed from deposited sediment that solidified and layered/fused together

10

igneous rock

rock formed from solidified molten material (magma/lava)

11

metamorphic rock

rock formed from transformation of its original form by high heat/pressure

12

fold mountains

mountains created by the bending of rock layers pushed together and folded

13

fossil fuel

a natural fuel formed from the decomposition of dead organisms

14

evaporite

sedimentary rock deposit left from the evaporation of a saline solution like saltwater

15

plate

a layer of the earths crust that moves around

16

plate tectonics

the movement of the plates in various directions that create the characteristics of Earths structures

17

seismic

natural or artificial cause of a vibration or earthquake in the earth

18

subduction zone

region in the earths crust where tectonic plates descend and meet

19

Richter scale

a scale that determines the power/magnitude of earthquakes

20

climate

the prevailing conditions of temperature and precipitation of an area over a period of time

21

precipitation climate

liquid or solid water falling from the sky

22

continental climate

climate with hot summers and cold winters

23

maritime climate

climate with moderate temperatures all year near the coast

24

ecosystem

an environment of organisms interacting over an area/their environment

25

runoff

when water and substances like pesticides carried with it drain and "run off" from land to lakes /rivers

26

feedlot

an area or building where livestock was fed

27

cultural landscapes

an area that is associated and change by a person

28

culture

how people in a community act and what they believe in

29

urbanization

where towns and cities are formed by growing the population

30

boom and bust

boom-economic prosperity which is followed by
bust- a failing economy

31

Geographic Information System

system thats shows the geographic data that is found