Flashcards in Ch17 ss Deck (49):
The large landmass that includes both europe and asia
Refers to the shape and elevation of land in a region.
Mountain ranges cover much of ------ europe
Most northern europe is part of the....
Vast northern european plains
The vast european plains stretch from
From the atlantic ocean in the west
To the ural mountains in the east
The northern european plain is also the location of most of europe's ----
Europes largest peninsula is
In northern europe most people lived on ...
The coastal plains
The river valleys
Why do many of the people in southern europe work as traders
Southern europe has many peninsulas, therefore the people live close to the sea
Why was northern europe frequently invaded
Because no mountains blocked access
By the early 500s europe was divided into many small ......
The middle ages lasted from.... To....
500 to 1500
The middle ages can also be called
The medieval period
At thr beggining of the middle ages most of the kingdoms (were or were not) christians
Christianity was common in areas that were part of the ....... .......
Who were monks
They were religious men who lived away from society in isolated communities
How did monks spend most of their time
Monks spent most of their time in prayer, works, and meditation
Describe a monastery
Life in a monAstery was stictly organized. Most europeN monastries followed a set of rules created by an italian monk called bendict
What was bendicts rule called
The benedictine rule
What occurred d by the early 500s
Europe was divided into many small kingdoms
The middle ages period lazter from _______ to ______
500 to 1500
What is Another name for the middle ages
The medieval period
Give an example of how christianity spread across northern europe
Popes sent missionaries to teach the northern european kingdoms about Christianity
Who are missionaries
Missionaries are people that try to convert others to a particular religion
What were the first three places that popes sent missionaries to?
Britain france and germany
Who was saint patrik, and how was he unlike others?
Saint patrick was a monk who helped covert the irish to christianity. He was unlike most missionaries as he traveled alone
Describe a knights role in society
Kinights were warriors who fought on horseback. Knights who promised to support a lord in exchange for land were called vassals.
Describe what a vassal had to do
Vassals swore that they would be loyal to their lord (noble) in exchange for land.
When a lord had a special occasion, vassals had to .....
Give their lords money
What would happen if a lord did not do what he was supposed to do
The vassal could brake the tie with him
Could vassals become lords
Yes, but if they gained enough land
Whats a fief
The peice of land given by a noble to a knight
Who were the people on top of the feudal society pyramid
Kings and queens
2. And then
Feudalism was first created by the ........
When did feudalism reach Britain and how
In the 1000s when a french noble called William the conqueror defeated the kind of England in a battle and rewarded his knights with fiefs
Knights allowed peasants to farm on their large estates. In return peasants had to........
Give knights food and other payments
The large estate owned by a knight or lord is called a ...
Who were serfs
Serfs were workers who were tied to the land they worked out. They could not leave without the lords permission.
Give a reason of why women in the middle ages had fewer rights then men
They had to obey the wishes of their fathers and husbands
What was a peasant women's role
They worked along side their husbands to support their families
What was the role of noblewomem
Noblewomen ran mNor housholds, supervised servants, and governed manors when their husbands were not at war
During the times of the middle ages most towns were.... (Small, big)
How did europe's populTion increase
Farmers began to produce more harvest then ever before as they had discovered new ways for farming
Towns grew because.....