Ch17 ss Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch17 ss Deck (49):
1

VOCABULARY

V

2

Eurasia

The large landmass that includes both europe and asia

3

Topography

Refers to the shape and elevation of land in a region.

4

Mountain ranges cover much of ------ europe

Southern

5

Most northern europe is part of the....

Vast northern european plains

6

The vast european plains stretch from

From the atlantic ocean in the west

To the ural mountains in the east

7

The northern european plain is also the location of most of europe's ----

Major rivers

8

Europes largest peninsula is

Scandinavia

9

In northern europe most people lived on ...

The coastal plains
Or
The river valleys

10

Why do many of the people in southern europe work as traders

Southern europe has many peninsulas, therefore the people live close to the sea

11

Why was northern europe frequently invaded

Because no mountains blocked access

12

By the early 500s europe was divided into many small ......

Kingdoms

13

The middle ages lasted from.... To....

500 to 1500

14

The middle ages can also be called

The medieval period

15

At thr beggining of the middle ages most of the kingdoms (were or were not) christians

Were not

16

Christianity was common in areas that were part of the ....... .......

Roman empire

17

Who were monks

They were religious men who lived away from society in isolated communities

18

How did monks spend most of their time

Monks spent most of their time in prayer, works, and meditation

19

Describe a monastery

Life in a monAstery was stictly organized. Most europeN monastries followed a set of rules created by an italian monk called bendict

20

What was bendicts rule called

The benedictine rule

21

What occurred d by the early 500s

Europe was divided into many small kingdoms

22

The middle ages period lazter from _______ to ______

500 to 1500

23

What is Another name for the middle ages

The medieval period

24

Give an example of how christianity spread across northern europe

Popes sent missionaries to teach the northern european kingdoms about Christianity

25

Who are missionaries

Missionaries are people that try to convert others to a particular religion

26

What were the first three places that popes sent missionaries to?

Britain france and germany

27

Who was saint patrik, and how was he unlike others?

Saint patrick was a monk who helped covert the irish to christianity. He was unlike most missionaries as he traveled alone

28

Describe a knights role in society

Kinights were warriors who fought on horseback. Knights who promised to support a lord in exchange for land were called vassals.

29

Describe what a vassal had to do

Vassals swore that they would be loyal to their lord (noble) in exchange for land.

30

When a lord had a special occasion, vassals had to .....

Give their lords money

31

What would happen if a lord did not do what he was supposed to do

The vassal could brake the tie with him

32

Could vassals become lords

Yes, but if they gained enough land

33

Whats a fief

The peice of land given by a noble to a knight

34

Who were the people on top of the feudal society pyramid

Kings and queens

35

2. And then

Nobles

36

3

Knights

37

4

Peasants

38

Feudalism was first created by the ........

Franks

39

When did feudalism reach Britain and how

In the 1000s when a french noble called William the conqueror defeated the kind of England in a battle and rewarded his knights with fiefs

40

Knights allowed peasants to farm on their large estates. In return peasants had to........

Give knights food and other payments

41

The large estate owned by a knight or lord is called a ...

Manor

42

Who were serfs

Serfs were workers who were tied to the land they worked out. They could not leave without the lords permission.

43

Give a reason of why women in the middle ages had fewer rights then men

They had to obey the wishes of their fathers and husbands

44

What was a peasant women's role

They worked along side their husbands to support their families

45

What was the role of noblewomem

Noblewomen ran mNor housholds, supervised servants, and governed manors when their husbands were not at war

46

During the times of the middle ages most towns were.... (Small, big)

Small

47

How did europe's populTion increase

Farmers began to produce more harvest then ever before as they had discovered new ways for farming

48

Towns grew because.....

Trade increased

49

What lead to the decline of feudalism and why

The growth of trade led to the decline of feudalism because knights began to demand for money instead of land. At the same time, peasants and surfs left their manors for towns and cities