Challenges of living in an urban environment Flashcards Preview

Geography vocabulary > Challenges of living in an urban environment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Challenges of living in an urban environment Deck (29)
Loading flashcards...
1

Quality of life

The people's opinion on their standards of living.

2

Urban area

A large built-up area. E.g. towns, cities...

3

Urbanisation

The growth of urban areas by people moving from the countryside to cities.

4

Conurbation

A large town or city created by the merging of smaller towns. E.g. Greater Manchester, Greater London, Bos-Wash...

5

Rural area

An area of the countryside with small villages and settlements.

6

Counter urbanisation

The movement of people away from urban areas to rural areas.

7

Migration (voluntary/involuntary)

The movement of people between different areas out of choice/necessity.

8

Commuting/commuter

The process of travelling to work. People who live in one place but works in another place far away.

9

Suburb/suburban land use

The outskirts of a city. What the land on outskirts is used for. E.g. housing, industry...

10

Green belt

An area of land around an urban area protected from development to limit urban growth.

11

CBD

Central business district of a city or town with a large concentration of shops/offices.

12

Inner city

Area surrounding the CBD. Usually and area of older, denser housing and warehouses.

13

Redevelopment

Urban development involving demolition of existing structures and building of new ones.

14

Rehabilitation/renovation

Urban improvement scheme that involves upgrading and reusing existing buildings.

15

Squatter settlement/shanty town

Part of towns or cities (usually in LEDCs) with illegal and low cost self built housing.

16

'Site and Service' scheme

Housing solution that involves providing land and infrastructure for people to build their own houses on.

17

Amenities/facilities

Essential services provided for people in their homes or local area. E.g. police, fire department, hospitals, parks...

18

Tenure

Type of ownership of a house. E.g. owner occupied, rented...

19

Owner occupied

Type of tenure where the residents legally own the house through purchase or inheritance.

20

Public/private rented

Type of tenure where residents are renting from the council/private landlord.

21

Housing association

Organisations funded by government to buy/build housing for cheap rent to people with housing issues.

22

Housing type

Classification of house. E.g. terraced, detached, semi-detached...

23

Socioeconomic group

Classification of people according to their occupation. E.g. professional, skilled, manual...

24

Services/service provision

Facilities for the public provided by the government. E.g. hospitals, parks, community centres...

25

High/low order shopping centre

Different levels of shopping centres graded by the size of their catchment area and the types of shops it has.

26

Shopping centre heirachy

The hypothetical classification of shopping centres in terms of their size and importance.

27

Shopping goods

Items can be classified according to whether they are 'everyday goods', 'comparison goods' or 'specialised goods'

28

New town

`A new, self-sustained urban development.

29

Threshold population

The minimum number of people required in the catchment area in order for a business to be profitable.