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Flashcards in Champagne Deck (87):
1

What is Pinot Blanc Vrai?

True Pinot Blanc- a white form of PN

2

Who was the first person to figure out the right amount of sugar to add so the bottle wouldn't break?

Andre Francois

3

Best champagne vintages of the past 20 years

96,2002,2008,2012,2015

4

Major viticultural concerns in champagne/

Frost
Rain
Fungal Disease
Hail

5

What is 102/160

The CIVC set in 1992 a max of 102Lof must/160kg of grapes or 2550L/4000kg

4000kg is a marc of grapes or the amount held in a traditional basket press

6

Who assigns the matriculation number on a bottle of champagne?

CIVC

7

What is the only AOC/AOP that does NOT need to include the AOC/AOP on the label?

Champagne

8

Name 4 champagne houses owned by LVMH

Moet
Krug
Veuve
MErcier

9

Dosage Demi-Sec

32-50

10

What did the Commission de Chalon transform into?

the CIVC

11

When does phlox hit?

1890s

12

What is debourbage?

When the juice settles at a cool temp after pressing for 8-15 hours so that the remaining solids (bourses) in the must can be removed by racking prior to fermentation

13

What does the CIVC oversee?

Size of Harvest
Authorizes blocage and déblocage (the reserve and release of wine for future vintages)
Safegaurds the designation of Champagne

Until 1990 the CIVC oversaw the price of grapes through the echelle de crus which was a percentile system by which the villages or crus were rated

GC scored 100

1er crus 90-99

Crus are anything less than 90

A 1985 revision made the min 80%

Until 1990 a villages echelle rating was the most they could receive for fruit

After 1990 it was a suggestion

It was abolished in the year 2000

14

What is the Echelle de Crus

That ranking of 1er and CG villages

15

3 Rivers of champagne

The Aube
The Seine
The Marne River

16

What year was the importing of blue bagged Parisian garbage outlawed i champagne?

1998

17

What are DO major contributions to champagne?

Assemblage (blending) and viticulture

18

What ingredient is used to fire glass for champagne bottles now? Who invented it

Coal, the english in the late 17th C

19

What is a major climactic influencer for champagne?

The Atlantic

20

What did madame barbe-nicole ponsardin oversee the pioneering of?

Remuage (riddling)

21

Define CM

- Cooperative Manipulant A grower coop that produces wine under a single brand

22

What is Rose Riceys

100% rose from PN made in Les Riceys in the Aube

23

What do the shreds of blue plastic in champagne represent

They are left over scraps from imported compost bags showing the slow crawl towards organics/sustainable viticulture

24

What are the 4 permitted pruning methods in champagne?

Cordon de Royat
Chablis
Vallee de la Marne
Guyot (Double and simple)

25

How many villages may grow grapes for champagne?

357

26

What is one thing the champenois colored their wine with in order to compete with the wines of burgundy?

elderberry

27

Who was the weinfuhrer?

Nazi appointed agent who took up residence at the widow clique's estate

28

What year does champagne receive AOC/P

1936

29

who can claim to be the oldest sparkling champagne house? est. what year?

Ruinart 1729

30

What is the first 2050L of 2550L of juice called?

Vin de Cuvee

31

Define Regumage

Riddling- a procedure that easily allows sediment to be removed from the bottle during discouragement

32

How many villages are GC vs 1er cru in champagne?

17 vs 42

33

What is Micraster Chalk?

A second layer of chalk named from an extinct sea urchin characterizes the valley vineyards

34

Describe Belemnite Chalk

Very Pourous, its pushed tot he surface and retains heat to warm the vines at night, yet provides excellent drainage

It is derived from the remains of millions of fossilized cephalopods

35

What is Deblockage

Release of reserve wine controlled byCIVC

36

In what year did the French Gov. Delimit champagne?

1908

37

Dosage Brut

0-12

38

What is the Commission de Chalon?

A consortium of growers and merchants that formed to develop quality standards and regulate pricing

39

Name one exceptional champagne vintage pre 1920

1914

40

What is the mean annual temperature of champagne?

50F

41

What river cuts through the aube

The Aube river

42

What is Miller's Pinot and why is it called that?

Pinot Meunier- Named for the dusty appearance of its leaves

43

What covers much of the chalk in champagne

Thin layer of clay and sand

44

What was the first vintage of DP, what did it spark?

1921, the idea of the tete de cuvee

45

What happened in champagne in 1927

Aube is added back into champagne and the government further defines the region, production and vitiiculture

46

Define RM

Recoltant Manipulant- 95% must be estate grown

47

What is the oldest chapagne house still in operation, what year was it founded?

Gosset (1584) was established as a still wine producer

48

Define RC

Recoltant Cooperateur is a grower who's wines are made a coop but are bottled under his own label

49

After 1927, what was the next time the champagne appellation was extended?

2009 from 319 villagess to 357

50

What is a marc of grapes?

4000kg is a marc of grapes or the amount held in a traditional basket press

51

What precedes the matriculation number?

The initials of whom made the wine

52

What was the first vintage of DP?

1921

53

Describe the formation of the CIVC

Started by Robert-Jean de Vogue of Moet and Chandon win 1941, it was a broader consortium of growers, producers and shippers to protect the market in the face of the Nazis

54

What is the third pressing of juice after 2550L called?

Rebeche it is 1-10% - it is the legally required third press - it is used for distillation not for champagne

55

What does the Controls des Structures prohibit?

Any firm from farming more than fifteen owned or rented hectares

56

What are the three most planted grapes in order/

PN-38
PM-32
Chard-30

57

What is the prominent grape in the Aube and Montagne de reims?

Pinot Noir

58

What river cuts through the Cote de Seanne

The Seine River

59

What does the CIVC stand for?

Comite Interprofessionnel du Vin de Champagne

60

Define MA

Marque d'Acheteur- A buyers brand (ie. supermarket or Restaurant) that buys champagne and sells it under its own label

61

What is the dominant soil type of the Aube/

Clay

62

Name one cause of major devastation to champagne

WW1

63

Dosage Extra brut

0-6

64

Where was DP the cellar master at?

The Abbey of Hautvillers

65

Where did GC stand in the echelle de crus

100

66

What is the prominent grape of the Vallee de la marne

PM, more frost hits Vallee de la marne and PM tends to bud late and ripen early!

67

What year does the word Mousseux first appear and in what context?

1724, implied effervesence

68

Define Bouxvreux?

Rain that interrupts flowering and causes a second crop, that rarely ripes

69

Define SR

Society de Recoltants- a firm NOT a coop set up by a union of often related growers who share resources to make their wines and collectively market several brands

70

Premier crus in the echelle de crus

90-99

71

Who identified the relationship between sugar and fermentation. In what year?

1801, Jean-Antoine Chaptal

72

Who is madame barbe-nicole ponsardin?

The widow cliquot

73

What is the last 500L of 2550L of juice called?

Vin de Taille

74

Name three other authorized grapes in champagne

Pinot Blanc Vrai
Arbane
Pinot Gris
Petite Meslier

75

Dosage Extra Dry

12-17

76

What are the five districts in champagne?

Montagne de Reims- PN
Vallee de la marne-PM
Cote des Blancs-CH
Cote de Sezanne -CH
Cote de Bars (Aube)- PN

77

Who put the first brut champagne on the market/

Pommery "Nature" 1874

78

7 grapes of champagne

PN
PG
PB
Pinot Meunier
Petite Meslier
Arbane
Chardonnay

79

Dosage Sec

17-32

80

Define NM

Negociant Manipulant- A house the purchases grapes and/or base wine

81

What color may coteaux champenois be made in?

Red white or rose

82

Talk about champagne fraud

After Phylox hits people start labeling champ on wines sourced from all over france

83

Define ND

Negociant Distributeur- A middleman company that distributes champagne it did not make

84

Define Pointage

Shaking to bottle before remerge so that the lees doesn't stick

85

Dosage Brut Nature

0-3

86

When may tirage occur in champagne

Jan 1st

87

What is the tete de cuvee of Diebolt Vallois

Fluer Passion