Flashcards in Chap. 5 Deck (10):
due process clause
The provisions of the 5th and 14th amendments to the constitution that guarantee that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due precess of law
equal protection clause
The provision in the 14th amendment to the constitution that guarantees that no state will "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." This clause mandates that state governments treat similarly situated individuals in a similar manner
The provision in the 1st amendment to the US constitution that prohibits Congress from creating any law "respecting an establishment of religion"
federal form of government
A system of government in which the states form a union and the sovereign power is divided between a central government and the member states
free exercise clause
provision in the 1st amendment that prohibits Congress from creating any law "prohibiting the free exercise of religion"
full faith and credit clause
A clause in article 4 section 1 of the constitution that provides that "Full faith and Credit shall be given in each state to the public Acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state." Ensures that rights established under deeds, wills, contracts and the like in one state will be honored by the other states
constitutional clause that gives Congress the power to regulate commerce with other nations, with Indian tribes, and between states
reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts warranting certain actions, such as the search or arrest of a person
an order granted by a public authority that authorizes law enforcement personnel to search particular premises or property