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Flashcards in Chap. 5 Deck (10):

due process clause

The provisions of the 5th and 14th amendments to the constitution that guarantee that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due precess of law


equal protection clause

The provision in the 14th amendment to the constitution that guarantees that no state will "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." This clause mandates that state governments treat similarly situated individuals in a similar manner


establishment clause

The provision in the 1st amendment to the US constitution that prohibits Congress from creating any law "respecting an establishment of religion"


federal form of government

A system of government in which the states form a union and the sovereign power is divided between a central government and the member states


free exercise clause

provision in the 1st amendment that prohibits Congress from creating any law "prohibiting the free exercise of religion"


full faith and credit clause

A clause in article 4 section 1 of the constitution that provides that "Full faith and Credit shall be given in each state to the public Acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state." Ensures that rights established under deeds, wills, contracts and the like in one state will be honored by the other states


Commerce Clause

constitutional clause that gives Congress the power to regulate commerce with other nations, with Indian tribes, and between states


probable cause

reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts warranting certain actions, such as the search or arrest of a person


search warrant

an order granted by a public authority that authorizes law enforcement personnel to search particular premises or property


Supremacy clause

provision in article 6 of the constitution that provides that the Constitution, laws, and treaties of the US are "the supreme law of the land." Under this clause, state and local laws that conflict with federal law are rendered invalid