Chapter 08 - Indoor Environmental Quality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 08 - Indoor Environmental Quality Deck (40):
1

The "EQ credit: Indoor Air Quality Assessment" recognizes which two strategies?

- Supplying a specified volume of outdoor air per unit of floor area prior to occupancy, and then a minimum ventilation rate during occupancy, as long as this begins three hours before occupancy each day.
- Testing according to specified procedures to confirm that contaminant concentrations are not exceeded.

2

A building owner wants to have improved IAQ after construction to improve occupant health. Which of the following products would a project team need to verify have low-VOCs?

- Acoustic Insulation
-Computer workstations
-Ceiling paint

3

Which of the following are types of individual occupant spaces?

-Open office workstation
-Hotel guest room
- Study carrel

4

A building owner has concerns about the costs of increasing the ventilation from the minimum required for indoor air quality.Which of the following could help offset the operating cost?

Using demand control ventilation

5

which of the following preventive maintenance tasks would a facility manager routinely perform to maintain indoor air quality?

-Calibrating sensors
-Replacing air filters

6

According to EQ credit: Enhanced IAQ Strategies - Interior Cross Contamination Prevention, which of the following activities should be isolated in separately exhausted spaced in order to maintain occupant health?

- Copying and faxing
- Chemical mixing storage

7

Designing a building with natural ventilation system will impact what credit categories?

- Energy Atmosphere
- Indoor Environmental Quality

8

Why is it important to categorize spaces in LEED?

Depending on the space categorization, the credit requirements may not apply

9

What type of product would carry a green Seal label?

Paints

10

Environmental Tobacco Smoke Control is concerned mainly with which of the following?

Preventing tobacco smoke from contaminating the air in spaces occupied by non-smokers

11

The Indoor Environmental Quality Section of the LEED Rating System addresses issues ranging from ventilation effectiveness and pollutant source control to thermal comfort and day lighting. On average, approximately how much of their time do Americans spend indoors?

90%

12

Which strategy supports improved indoor air quality during operations and maintenance?

Outlining green cleaning procedures and goals for custodians

13

Thermal comfort guidelines for temperature, humidity, and control are stablished by?

ASHRAE 55-2010

14

Which of the following elements should be considered to facilitate communication in school classrooms?

-Duct insulation
-Soft surfaces
-Building geometry

15

A telemarketing firm with 300 employees plans to use a raised floor to reduce the costs of cable management and churn in a proposed open-plan office with shallow floor plate. The design includes underfloor air distribution for cooling and ventilation. The engineer noted that this system would allow the use of a floor-mounted operable diffuser for each workstation. A closer look revealed that the moderate supply air temperature required at these diffusers would reduce the amount of energy associated with cooling a consistently greater quantity of outside air. The architect pointed out that the underfloor air distribution would also eliminate large overhead ducts, which could, in this particular case, increase the interior floor-to-ceiling height. Given the information provided above, which LEED credits might these strategies contribute to?

- EQ Credit: Enhanced Indoor Air Quality Strategies - Increased Ventilation
- EQ Credit: Thermal Comfort - Thermal Control
- EQ Credit: Daylight

16

In order for an occupant survey to improve the triple bottom line of a project, what should occur after the survey results have been assessed?
-Corrective action should be taken to address any problems
-The survey results should be uploaded to LEED online
-The survey results should be shared with USGBC
-The building systems manual should be updated to include the survey results

-Corrective action should be taken to address any problems

17

An owner has selected an office building site in a natural area. They want to provide views to the outside to most people while also using daylighting to reduce energy demand. Which strategy would achieve these goals?

Installing an under floor air distribution system
Installing cubicles with low partitions and placing conference rooms and offices in the core of the building
Having adjustable window shades and operable windows
Locating conference rooms and offices near the glazing

Installing cubicles with low partitions and placing conference rooms and offices in the core of the building

18

Which two of the following design-team products and project phases are most likely to play a significant role in achieving the Construction IAQ Management Plan credit? (Choose two.)

Project specifications
civil engineer
Landscape architect
Correct General contractor

-Project specifications
-Correct General contractor

19

A project team is beginning the integrative process late into the design-phase of a new office building. At this point, which of the following could still be changed and would be a low-cost solution for improving daylighting? (Choose 2)

The window configuration
Correct
The colors of the surfaces
The orientation of the building
The number of glazing panes
The types of furnishings

-The colors of the surfaces
-The types of furnishings

20


A project design with a focus on creating a healthy building includes materials with low VOC emissions, grates used in the entryway, higher-rated MERV filters, and air intakes located in an open-air parking garage. Which of these design strategies negatively impacts good indoor-air quality?

The location of the air intakes
The materials with low VOC emissions
The higher-rated MERV filters
The grates used for the entryway

The location of the air intakes

21

Which two are not accounted for in EQ Credit: Thermal Comfort? (Choose two.)

Humidity
Correct
Ventilation effectiveness
Air speed
Daylight
Radiant temperature

-Ventilation effectiveness
-Daylight

22

What material produces the smallest amount of VOCs?

Brick
Sealants
Carpet
Paint Interiors

Brick

23

What are the best design strategies for improving indoor air quality during operations and maintenance of a building? (Choose 2)


Increase the ventilation in the building
Use soft surfaces on the interiors
Orient the building for optimal sun exposure
Use air filters with high Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value (MERV) ratings
Use natural refrigerants

-Increase the ventilation in the building
-Use air filters with high Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value (MERV) ratings

24

Thermal Comfort Control, as defined for EQ Credit: Thermal Comfort is control over how many of the following: air temperature, radiant temperature, air speed, and humidity. (Choose 1.)

1 -

25

What facilities count as non-occupied spaces, as defined by LEED? (Choose 2.)

Janitorial rooms
Hallways
Stairwells
Restrooms
Storage rooms

Janitorial rooms
Storage rooms

26

SMACNA guidelines should be followed for what reason?

To minimize indoor air quality issues caused by construction

27

In reference -to windows and glazing, visible transmittance refers to

Ratio of visible light transmitted to visible light striking a surface

28

A tenant of an office space wants an open office layout. What is one trade-off of this decision?

The acoustics may be poor
Daylighting will be harder to achieve
The space will not be able to include task lighting
The room will have decreased air quality


The acoustics may be poor

29

Proper ventilation systems remove which of the following contaminants? (Choose 3)

CO2 concentrations
Radon
Material off-gassing

30

In a naturally ventilated building, which of the following would provide occupants with control over their temperature?

Operable windows

31

One side of a building is oriented toward the afternoon sun. Which of the following can give occupants control over excessive brightness and glare?

Adjustable window shades

32

When determining the ventilation levels of a space needed for good indoor air quality, which of the following should the project team consider? (Choose 2)

The number of occupants in the space
The activities performed in the space

33

ncreasing outdoor air ventilation rates by at least 30% above the minimum rates required by ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2010 will _____


improve indoor air quality

34


A project team in a dry region is designing a project with an entryway that leads to a downtown city block. The building owner wants to reduce dirt, dust, and contaminants tracked into the building from people's shoes. Which of the following would be appropriate choices for an entryway system that would improve indoor air quality? (Choose 3)


Recycled wood flooring
Marble tile extracted and manufactured locally
Steel grates
Rubber mats manufactured overseas
Metal grills made of aluminum

Steel grates
Rubber mats manufactured overseas
Metal grills made of aluminum

35

Where should smoking be prohibited for a project? (Choose 3)


Building entrances
Air intakes
Garages
Walking trails
Operable windows

Building entrances
Air intakes
Operable windows

36


Which of the following does LEED require for good indoor air quality in a new office building?

That a green cleaning policy is implemented
That low-emitting materials are
That smoking indoors is prohibited
That the building is kept clean during construction

That smoking indoors is prohibited

37

The Construction IAQ Management Plan Credit requires which three of the following? (Choose three.)

-Air handlers may not, under any circumstances, be operated during construction.
-Air handlers operated during construction shall have MERV 13 filters on all supply diffusers.
=Air handlers operated during construction shall have MERV 8 filters on all return air grilles.
-Meet or exceed recommended Control Measures for SMACNA IAQ Guidelines for Occupied Buildings Under Construction.
-Any materials stored on-site, and thus exposed to moisture during construction, must be dried according to American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard 409.
-Whether stored on-site or installed, all absorptive building materials must be kept dry.

-Air handlers operated during construction shall have MERV 8 filters on all return air grilles.
-Meet or exceed recommended Control Measures for SMACNA IAQ Guidelines for Occupied Buildings Under Construction.
-Whether stored on-site or installed, all absorptive building materials must be kept dry.

38

To improve occupant satisfaction a project team conducts a survey of the occupants. Which of the following are important IEQ topics to ask about in the survey? (Choose 3)

Is the lighting adequate?
Are any areas are too hot or too cold?
How are the acoustics?

39


The Green Label Plus certification is used for what material?

Carpets

40

A building owner and general contractor are creating a construction plan to improve the air quality during the construction process. What should the plan address?

Keep dust and dirt out of the building, protect materials from moisture damage, flush-out the building before occupancy