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1

What is cognition?

set of all mental abilities and processes related to knowledge

2

Cognitive Psychology

An approach that aims to understand human cognition by the study of behaviour

3

What did greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Plato try to understand?

how humans interact with their
environment

4

Introspection

examination of one's own conscious thoughts and feelings

5

Problems with introspection

way we introspect things may not be
the way that they are

6

McGurk Effect

What we see overrides what we hear.
E.g 'bah' = 'fah' when we see the f sound being produced

7

Why does the McGurk effect occur?

The brain is making sense of conflicting information

8

Mental chronometry

use of response time in perceptual-motor tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of cognitive operations

9

Association

connection between conceptual entities or mental states that results from the similarity between those states or their proximity in space or time

10

Dissociation

demonstrating that a lesion to brain structure A disrupts function X but not function Y

to identify neural substrates of a brain function

11

Double Dissociation

two experimental manipulations each have different effects on two dependent variables; if one manipulation affects the first variable and not the second, the other manipulation affects the second variable and not the first.