Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

A & P > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (37):
1

Anatomy refers to:

Investigating human structure via dissection and other methods

2

Systemic anatomy refers to anatomical investigation:

That approaches the study of the body by systems: groups of organs having common function

3

Physiology refers to the:

Nature of human function

4

The removal of waste products in the body is achieved by a process known as:

Excretion

5

Metabolism is the:

Sum total of all physical and chemical reactions occurring in the body

6

Standardizing terminology avoids:

Terms that are based on a person's name

7

Beginning with the smallest level, the levels of organization of the body are:

Chemical, organelle, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism

8

Molecules are:

Combinations of atoms forming larger chemical aggregates

9

Mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, and endoplasmic reticulum are examples of:

Organelles

10

Blood production is a function of which system?

Skeletal

11

Support and movement are functions of which systems?

Skeletal and muscular systems

12

In the anatomical position, the subject is:

Standing with the arms at the sides and palms facing foward

13

The dorsal body cavity contains the:

Brain snd spinal cord

14

The ventral body cavity contains the:

Thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

15

The axial portion of the body cosist of:

Head, neck, and torso

16

The abdominopelvic cavity contains all the following except the:

Lungs

17

The mediastinum contains all of the following except the:

Lungs

18

Visceral peritoneum would cover which of the following organs?

Liver

19

A sagittal section would divide the body into:

Right and left sides

20

A coronal section would divide the body into:

Front and back portions

21

Inguinal is a term referring to which body region?

Groin

22

The regions frequently used by health professionals to locate pain or tumors divide the abdomen into four basic areas called:

Quadrants

23

A lengthwise plane running from front to back that divides the body into right and left sides is called:

Sagittal

24

A study of the functions of living organisms and their parts is called:

Physiology

25

Which of the following structures does nit lie within the abdominopelvic cavity?

Hypogastric region

26

The dorsal body cavity contains component of the:

Nervous system

27

If your reference point is "nearest the trunk of the body," where does the elbow lie in relation to the wrist?

Proximal

28

The buttocks are often used as injection sites. This region can also be called:

Gluteal

29

Which of the following is not a component of the axial subdivision of the body?

Upper extremity

30

A synonym for medial is:

Midline

31

The outer region of an organ may often be referred to as the:

Cortical region

32

A principle of standardizing terminology is the avoidance of ________, or terms based upon a person's name.

Eponyms

33

The term _________ means that the right and left sides of humans are mirror images if each other and only one plane can divide the body into left and right sides

Bilateral symmetry

34

_______ refers to an inner region of an organ

Medullary

35

The narrow tip of an organ is the ______ portion

Apical

36

Hereditary material called ______ carries the chemical blueprint of the body

DNA

37

______ is the ability of an organism to sense, monitor, and respond to change in both its external and internal environments

Responsiveness