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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (33):
1

Using one or more of your senses to gather information

Observing

2

Explaining or interpreting the things you observe based on prior knowledge

Inferring

 

3

Data and observations that are collected through scientific processes adn that explain a particular observation

Empirical Evidence

4

In a scientific experiment, facts, figures and other evidence gathered tghrough observations 

Data

5

A possible answer to a scientific question

Hypothesis

6

Observations that deal with a number or amount

Quantitative Observation

7

Observations that deal with descriptions that cannot be expressed in numbers

Qualitative Observation

8

Making a statement or claim about what will happen in the future based on past experiences or evidence 

Predicting

9

When scientist put thigns into categories or group together items that are alike in some way

Classifying

10

When scientist create a representation of a complex process

Making Models

11

way of learning about the natural world 

Science

12

Evaluating observations and data to reach a conclusion

Analyzing

13

What is an attitude of doubt toward ideas

Skepticism

14

What is a set of beliefs that may make use of science, but the conclusions are not based based on observation, objective reasoning ro scientific evidence

Pseudoscience

15

Reasoning based on evidence

Objective Reasoning

16

Reasoning based on personal feelings or values

Subjective Reasoning

17

The one factor that is purposely changed to test a hypothesis

Independent Variable

18

What is the factor that may change in response to the independent varialble 

Dependnent Variable

19

a scientific experiment in which only one variable is changed at a time 

Controlled Experiment

20

subjective belief that affects a person’s attitude toward something, or an error in the design of an experiment that affects the results of the experiment

Bias

21

repetition of an experiment to gather additional data and determine whether the experiment’s results support the hypothesis 

Repeated Trial

22

an attempt by a different group of scientists to conduct the same experiment and achieve the same results that the original experimental team gathered.

Replication

23

a generalization that makes sense of observations by using logical reasoning called

Scientific Explanation

24

understanding scientific terms and principles well enough to ask questions, evaluate information, and make decisions

Scientific Literacy

25

Observations and conclusions that have been repeated

Evidence

26

an idea about a situation that is not supported by evidence 

Opinion

27

a summary of what you have learned from an experiment 

Conclusion

28

Step one in Scientific Inquiry

Question

29

Step two in the Scientifiic Inquiry

Research

30

Step three in Scientific Inquiry

Hypothesis

31

Step four in Scientific Inquiry

Design an Experiment

32

Step five in Scientific Inquiry

Collecting Data

33

Step six in Scientific Inquiry

Draw Conclusions