Chapter 1&2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1&2 Deck (34):
1

Prehistory

The account of human history before there were written records

2

Civilization

A complex culture with two or more people

3

Sumerians

The founders of the civilization of Mesopotamia

4

Mesopotamia

The city of the Sumerians

5

Egypt

Forerunner civilization

6

Fertile crescent

An area of the near east that has more water and significant agriculture

7

Code of Hammurabi

Lock code for Mesopotamia of what's right and wrong

8

Polytheism

The worship of many gods

9

Cuneiform

Writing system developed in Mesopotamia by the Samarians

10

Epic of Gilgamesh

A poetic and historical account of Mesopotamia also including a flood account

11

Nile river

The heart of Egypt also the longest river in the world critical to agriculture

12

Pharaoh

The title of the king of Egypt who is the absolute ruler considered to be a God

13

Hieroglyphics

Sacred writings

14

Mummification

A method of preservation

15

Covenant/Law/profits

Key aspects of the Hebrew faith

16

Hebrews

The name of the people of the old testament

17

Israel

The name of the United Hebrew kingdom and then the name of the northern kingdom after the division

18

Saul, David, and Solomon

The three Kings of The United Kingdom

19

Jerusalem

The capital city of Israel

20

Temple

Is the center of Hebrew worship

21

Judah/Jews/Judaism

The southern kingdom; replacement of the word Hebrew; the name of their religion

22

Assyrians 722 BC

The group of people who defeated the Jews and 722 BC scattering the northern kingdom

23

Chaldeans 586 BC

The group that defeated the southern kingdom in 586 BC they were taken to Babylon

24

Monotheism

The belief in one God

25

Assyrian empire

East of Palestine

26

Nineveh

Capital city of the assyrian empire

27

Iron weapons

The reason the assyrian empire was so powerful

28

Relief sculptures

3-D sculptures

29

Chaldean empire

The Babylonian empire; a second empire after the Assyrans

30

Babylon

Capital of the Chaldean empire

31

Persian empire

The third empire after Chaldean

32

Susa and Persepolis

Capital of the Persian empire

33

Cyrus and Darius

Rulers of Persia

34

Zoroastrianism

A non-Christian religion that is monotheistic but believes in one good God versus one evil God