Chapter 1: Medical Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Medical Terminology Deck (258):
1

CDM

Charge Description Master

2

root

the foundation and meaning of the medical term

3

gastr/o

stomach

4

cardi/o

heart

5

derm/o

skin

6

arthr/o

joint

7

Can a word root stand alone?

NO - a suffix must be added to complete the term

8

What is the meaning of the term "neuritis"?

inflammation of a nerve

9

What is the meaning of the term "neuroplasty"?

surgical repair of the nerve

10

What is the meaning of the term "gastroenteritis"?

inflammation of the stomach and small intestine

11

What is the meaning of the term "tracheobronchitis"?

inflammation of the trachea and bronchus

12

What is the meaning of the term "electrocardiogram"?

recording of the electrical activity of the heart

13

a

before

14

a.c.

before meals

15

abd

abdomen

16

ABG

arterial blood gas

17

ABS

active bowel sounds

18

AD

right ear

19

ad lib

as desired

20

ADH

antidiuretic hormone

21

AK

above the knee

22

AKA

also known as; above the knee amputation

23

alt. h.

alternating hours

24

AMA

against medical advice; American Medical Association

25

APTT

activated partial thromboplastin time

26

aq.

water

27

AS

left ear

28

ASHD

arteriosclerotic heart disease

29

AU

both ears

30

b.i.d.

twice a day

31

b.i.n.

twice a night

32

BK

below the knee

33

BKA

below the knee amputation

34

BP

blood pressure

35

BPH

benign prostatic hypertrophy

36

bpm

beats per minute

37

BRP

bathroom privileges

38

BS

blood sugar

39

BSA

body surface area

40

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

41

Bx

biopsy

42

C

Celsius

43

c

with

44

CAD

coronary artery disease

45

CAO

conscious, alert & oriented

46

cap

capsule

47

CC

chief complaint

48

cc

cubic centimeter (=1mL)

49

CCU

coronary care unit

50

cm

centimeter

51

CO

cardiac output

52

CPK

creatinine phosphokinase

53

D&I

dry & intact

54

DC

discharge, discontinue

55

D/C

discharge, discontinue

56

DM

diabetes mellitus

57

DOA

dead on arrival

58

DP

dorsalis pedis

59

dsg

dressing

60

ECU

emergency care unit

61

ED

emergency department

62

ER

emergency room

63

ETOH

ethyl alcohol

64

F

Fahrenheit

65

FHT

fetal heart tones

66

fl oz

fluid ounce

67

fx

fracture

68

g

gram

69

gr

grain

70

gtt

drops

71

H&H

hematocrit and hemoglobin

72

H.

hypodermically

73

h.

hour

74

hr

hour

75

h.s.

hour of sleep

76

Hct

hematocrit

77

Hgb

hemoglobin

78

HNV

has not voided

79

HOB

head of bed

80

HR

heart rate

81

Ht

height

82

I&D

incision & drainage

83

I&O

intake & output

84

ICU

intensive care unit

85

ID

intradermally

86

IM

intramuscularly

87

IS

incentive spirometry

88

IT

intrathecal (inside the spinal canal); or information technology

89

kg

kilogram

90

KO

keep open

91

KVO

keep vein open

92

L

liter

93

lb

pound

94

LLE

left lower extremity

95

LLL

left lower lobe

96

LLQ

left lower quadrant

97

LOC

level of consciousness

98

LUL

left upper lobe

99

m

meter

100

MAP

mean arterial pressure

101

mcg

microgram

102

mEq

milliequivalent

103

mg

milligram

104

ml

milliliter

105

mm

millimeter

106

N&V

nausea & vomiting

107

NKA

no known allergies

108

noc

night

109

NPO

nothing by mouth

110

NTG

nitroglycerine

111

o.d.

once a day

112

q.d.

once a day

113

OD

right eye

114

OOB

out of bed

115

OP

outpatient

116

OR

operating room

117

OS

left eye

118

OU

both eyes

119

oz

ounce

120

P

pulse

121

p or

after, per

122

p.c.

after meals

123

p.o.

by mouth

124

per os

by mouth

125

p.r.n.

as needed

126

PAM

pulmonary artery mean pressure

127

PAMP

pulmonary artery mean pressure

128

PAWP

pulmonary artery wedge pressure

129

PCN

penicillin

130

per

by or through

131

PERRLA

pupils equal round & reactive to light & accommodation

132

PR

per rectum

133

pt

patient

134

PVR

pulmonary vascular resistance

135

q

each, every

136

qd

every day

137

q.i.d.

four times a day

138

q.o.d.

every other day

139

q h

every hour

140

R

respirations

141

R/O

rule out

142

RAP

right arterial pressure

143

RLL

right lower lobe

144

RML

right middle lobe

145

ROM

range of motion

146

RTC

return to clinic

147

RTO

return to office

148

RUL

right upper lobe

149

Rx

therapy, treatment, or prescription

150

s

without

151

s.o.s.

if needed

152

SC

subcutaneous

153

SOB

short of breath

154

STAT

immediately

155

SV

stroke volume

156

SVR

systemic vascular resistance

157

T

temperature

158

t.i.d.

three times a day

159

tbsp

tablespoon

160

TCDB

turn, cough, deep breath

161

TKO

to keep open

162

top

topical

163

tsp

teaspoon

164

Tx

treatment

165

UA

urinalysis

166

ung

ointment

167

US

ultrasound

168

U/S

ultrasound

169

vd

void

170

VS

vital signs

171

w/d

warm & dry

172

WDWN

well developed, well nourished

173

wk

week

174

WNL

within normal limits

175

Wt

weight

176

y.o.

years old

177

#

before a digit means "number", after a digit or digits means "pounds"

178

>

greater than

179

less than

180

ankyl/o

crooked or stiff

181

arthr/o

joint

182

kyph/o

hump

183

chondr/o

cartilage

184

cost/o

rib

185

crani/o

cranium, skull

186

-desis

surgical fixation of a bone or joint

187

-lysis

setting free, loosening

188

myel/

spinal cord, bone marrow

189

oss/e/i

bone

190

spondyl/o

vertebra, vertebral column

191

lord/o

bent backward

192

-poietic

pertaining to formation

193

scolio-

curved

194

pre-

before

195

-algia

pain

196

-ectomy

removal or excision

197

-omy

incision (cutting) into

198

-tomy

creating a new opening

199

-el

protrusion or hernia

200

-itis

inflammation

201

oto

ear

202

rhin/o

nose

203

laryng/o

larynx and throat

204

-ology

study of

205

What is otorhinolaryngology?

study of the ears, nose, and throat

206

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: bladder

cyst/o, vesic/o

207

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: breast

mamm/o, mast/o

208

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: diaphragm

phren/o

209

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: kidney

ren/o, nephr/o

210

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: lung

pulm/o, pneum/o, pulmon/o

211

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: muscle

muscul/o, my/o

212

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: vein

ven/o, phleb/o

213

-megaly

enlargement

214

-graphy

recording

215

-ptosis

dropping, prolapse

216

-rhaphy

suture

217

-scopy

to view, examine

218

-logy

study of

219

-gram

record, weight, mark

220

-otomy

incision

221

-rhea

flow, discharge

222

-pathy

disease

223

-oma

tumor

224

-genic

formation

225

poly-

many, excessive

226

-scope

instrument

227

-metry

measurement

228

-ostomy

new opening

229

What is the medical term for the following word or phrase: broken bone

fracture

230

What is the medical term for the following word or phrase: double vision

diplopia

231

What is the medical term for the following word or phrase: flu

influenza

232

What is the medical term for the following word or phrase: itching

pruritus

233

What is the medical term for the following word or phrase: redness

erythema

234

What is the medical term for the following word or phrase: wart

verruca

235

What is the medical term for the following body part(s): armpit

axilla

236

What is the medical term for the following body part(s): bone in the upper leg

femur

237

What is the medical term for the following body part(s): collarbone

clavicle

238

What is the medical term for the following body part(s): eardrum

tympanum

239

What is the medical term for the following body part(s): heel bone

calcaneus

240

What is the medical term for the following body part(s): lower chamber of the heart

ventricle

241

What is the medical term for the following body part(s): shoulder blade

scapula

242

What is the medical term for the following body part(s): upper jawbone

maxilla

243

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: abdominal wall

lapar/o

244

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: brain

encephal/o

245

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: dead

necr/o

246

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: intestine

enter/o

247

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: lip

cheil/o

248

Identify the word element(s) for the following anatomical site: nose

rhin/o, nas/o

249

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: air in the chest causing collapse of the lung

pneumothorax

250

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: bed sore

decubitus ulcer

251

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: break in skin or mucous membrane

ulcer

252

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: drooping of the eyelid

blepharoptosis

253

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: fungus of the nails

onychomycosis

254

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: dizziness

vertigo

255

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: inflammation of the joints

arthritis

256

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: nearsightedness

myopia

257

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: softening of cartilage

chondromalacia

258

What is the correct diagnostic terminology for the following: hardening of the arteries

arteriosclerosis