Chapter 1- Musical Orientation, Musical Elements Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1- Musical Orientation, Musical Elements Deck (113)
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1

Timbre

Quality of sound, tone, or color
All instruments have distinct qualities
Something we control

2

Mutes

Physical devices inserted into the bell of the instrument to distort the sounds coming out

3

Timbre variation

Use of unusual sounds for expressive purposes; physically change the sound with mutes, musical variation in jazz and can be used to find ones owns sound.

4

Ensemble

Vary in size. Most common is trio (3-4) in groups. Combos or rhythm section. Large ensembles can include horn, wind, and percussion sections

5

Inventing a musical statement

Improvising

6

wind players generate a slight wobble in pitch; musicians can modify the sound by adjusting the length of tube or blowing with heavy intensity

vibrato

7

embouchure

positioning of the lips & other facial muscles. Forces the vibration to suddenly jump to a new level, raising the pitch

8

trumpet

brass; has unmistakable timbre; a brittle, crisp attack with brillant overtakes, most common brass instrument ; cylindrical tubing except for the bell

9

half-valving

musician can vary timbre; depressing one or more of the valves only halfway

10

straight mute

inserts directly into the bell of instrument, quiets the sound without too much distortion

11

adds an extension that more or less covers the bell, attenuating the sound while rounding out

cup mute

12

hollow mute with a hole in the center

harmon mute

13

rubber end of a sink plunger

plunger mute

14

trombone

occasionally comical slide enables the player to glide seamlessly from one note to another, known as a glissando or smear

15

slim, cylindrical, wooden tube that produces a thin occasionally shrill sound; standard concept to New Orleans. Achieved greater during Swing Era of 1930s

Clarinet

16

Bass Clarinet

pitched lower than regular clarinet

17

saxophone

often used are alto, tenor, soprano, and baritone . Early jazz and vaudeville musicians used it for comic effect as much as anything else. By 1930, became one of main instruments of American music( especially alto and tenor)

18

cornet

has extra layer of tubing and a deeper mouthpiece, producing a slightly mellower timbre, than from a trumpet. Used until 1926 then trumpet took over

19

growling

vary qualities of pitches by flicking their tongue against the mouthpiece

20

multiphonics

blowing intensely enough to produce more than 1 pitch

21

harmony

instruments naturally designed to play chords

22

rhythm section

Consists of instruments that provide harmony, bass, and percussion.

23

What jazz ensemble is built on. The rock of the jazz ensemble

Bass

24

2 crucial functions to the bass

Harmonic support, and providing basic underlying rhythmic foundations

25

Most common bass

string bass/ double bass. used more in symphony orchestras

26

used for more classical musicians; draw a horsehair bow across the strings

Arco (Bass)

27

plucking the strings with fingers

Pizzicato

28

Electric Bass

lacks natural resonance of string bass, but has loudness and portability

29

one-man percussion section within the rhythm section within the band

Drum Kit (traps)

30

front and center

Bass Drum