Flashcards in Chapter 1 - The Changing Family Deck (43):
Legal definition of family
A relationship by blood, marriage, or affection, in which members may cooperate economically, may care for any children, and may consider their identity to be intimately connected to the larger group.
Family of orientation
Family you were born into
Family of procreation
The family yo make through marriage, partnering, and/or parenthood.
Nonrelatives whose bonds are strong and intimate and accepted as part of the family.
An institutional arrangement between persons to publicly recognize social and intimate bonds.
What are the function of families?
Regulation of sexual behavior, reproducing and socializing children, property and inheritance, economic cooperation/economic security, emotional support, and social class placement.
A stable framework of social relationships that guides our interactions with others.
Focus on the individual and his or her interactions in specific settings
Focus on interconnectedness of marriage, families, and intimate relationships with the rest of society.
A major sphere of social life, with a set of beliefs and rules that is organize to meet basic human needs.
The major defining status or statuses that a person occupies
Marriage between one man and one woman
A system that allows for more than one spouse at a time
The marriage pattern in which husbands can have more than one wife.
The marriage pattern in which wives are allowed to have more than one husband
A form of social organization in which the norm or expectation is that men have a natural right to be in positions of authority over women
A form of social organization in which the norm or expectation is that the power and authority in society would be vested in women
The expectation that power and authority are equally vested in both men and women
Descent that can be traced through both male and female sides of the family
A descent pattern where lineage is traced exclusives (or at least primarily) through the man's family line
A descent patterns where lineage is traced exclusives or primarily within women's families
The expectation that a newly married couple establishes a residence and lives there independently
The expectation that newly married couple will live with the husband's family
The expectation that newly married couple will live with the family of the wife.
An approach that answers questions through a systematic collection and analysis of data
What are the goals of family research?
Describe some phenomena, examine the factors that predict or are associated with some phenomena, explain the cause and effect relationship or provide insight into why certain events do or do not occur, and examine the meanings and interpretations of some phenomenon.
A form of research that gathers information about attitudes or behaviors through the answer that people give to questions.
A sample in which every "person of interest" has an equal chance of being selected into your research study
A research methods that allows an interviewer to obtain detailed responses to questions
A controlled method for determining cause and effect
A small group interview of people who are brought together to discuss a particular topic
A research method that goes into the natural setting and observes people in action
A research method in which the data were collected for some other purpose but still are useful for the researcher
Data that can be measured numerically
A theory that attempts to determine the structure, systems, functions, and equilibrium of social institutions
A theory that emphasizes issues surrounding social inequality, power, conflict, and social change
A theory in which gender is seen as the central concept for explaining family structure and family dynamics
Social Exchange theory
A theory that draws upon a model of human behavior used by many economists
Symbolic interaction theory
A theory that emphasizes the symbols we use in everyday interaction - words, gestures, appearances - and how these are interpreted
A theory that suggests families, and individual family members, go through distinct stages over time, with each stage having its own set of tasks, roles, and responsibilities.
A theory that proposes that a family system - the family members and the roles that they play - is larger than the sun of its individual members
Explain how traditional and contemporary definitions of family differ.
Traditional definitions of family generally establish individuals that relate to each other through blood, marriage, or adoption as family. These individuals live together and bear and rear children. This definition, however, excludes a large amount of groups and individuals such as childless couples, LGBT couples, grandparents raising grandchildren, foster parents and their charges, etc. A current definition of family is an intimate group of two or more people who live together in a committed relationship, care for one another and any children, and share activities and close emotional ties. This definition is more inclusive. Some may disagree with this definition because it does not explicitly include marriage, procreation, or child rearing.