Chapter 1 - Welcome to the Law Office: Foundations for Litigation Flashcards Preview

The Litigation Paralegal - A Systems Approach > Chapter 1 - Welcome to the Law Office: Foundations for Litigation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Welcome to the Law Office: Foundations for Litigation Deck (18)
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What is civil litigation?

The process whereby one person sues another person in a court of law to enforce a right to see a remedy such as financial compensation.


What is multijurisdiction practice?

The provision of legal services in states other than the one for which the attorney is licensed.


What are billable hours?

The time spent on a client's case that can be billed to the client.


What is electronic billing (e-billing)?

The posting of billing information by the law office to a secure electronic host site for instate client access.


What are unbundling legal services?

The mutually agreed limitation of legal representation to one distinct step in a legal matter or process that may have numerous steps.


What is the litigation system?

A detailed procedure manual that is a chronological collection if the guidelines, forms, correspondence, checklists, procedures, and pertinent law for all steps in the litigation process.


What are professional ethics?

For attorneys, the rules of conduct that govern the practice of law.


What is legal advice?

Independent professional judgment based on knowledge of the law and given for the benefit of a particular client.


What is pro bono?

Free legal services provided to those unable to afford representation.


What is jurisdiction?

The power or authority of a court to hear and decide the questions of law or fact (or both) presented by a lawsuit.


What is jurisdictional amount (amount in controversy)?

Specific dollar amount that must by claimed in an action to meet jurisdictional minimum of a given court.


What is supplemental jurisdiction?

The power of federal courts already having jurisdiction over a federal claim to her a state claim and add parties if that claim is based on essentially the same facts as the federal claim.


What are federal questions?

[A]ll civil actions arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States.


What is diversity of citizenship?

Jurisdictional requirement for U.S. District Court that parties of a lawsuit be citizens of different states.


What is domicile?

A person's true, permanent home.


What is alienage jurisdiction?

A diversity jurisdiction involving foreign states and their citizens or subjects.


What is a writ of certiorari?

A discretionary writ that allows the Supreme Court to take only cases that, in its opinion, have sufficient national significance to warrant its attention.


What is a venue?

"Neighborhood"; the geographical area in which a court with jurisdiction can hear a case; distinct from jurisdiction.