Chapter 10: Agriculture, Biotechnology, and the Future of Food Flashcards Preview

CEE 58SL > Chapter 10: Agriculture, Biotechnology, and the Future of Food > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10: Agriculture, Biotechnology, and the Future of Food Deck (11):
1

Transgenes

Genes engineered and moved into transgenic plants

2

Green revolution

Desire for greater quantity and quality of food for growing population in mid-late 20th century

3

Monocultures

Large expanse of single crop type

4

Aquaculture

Cultivation of aquatic organisms in controlled environments

5

Seed Banks

Institutions that preserve seed types as a kind of living museum in genetic diversity

6

Pollination

Process by which male sex cells of plan fertilize female sex cells of a plant

7

Pest

Organisms that damage crops valuable to us

8

Weed

Plant that competes with the crop

9

Biotechnology

Application of biological science to create products derived from organisms

10

Benefits of GM foods

Raise yields and lower cost, reduce environmental pressure

11

Negatives of GM

Can be detrimental to environment w carying of genes, issue of not knowing the future