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Flashcards in chapter 10: legal and ethical etc Deck (27):
1

What does intellectual property mean?

You have ownership of what you create

2

Give some examples of intellectual property

music, art, film, broadcasts, sound recordings, literature etc

3

What kind of intellectual property is computer programming counted as?

literature

4

What is the name of the law concerning copyright and intellectual property?

copyright designs and patents act 1988

5

What is the name of the law protecting intellectual property?

copyright designs and patents act 1988

6

What does copyright mean?

Copyrighted material of any medium can only be copied, used or rewritten with permission from the creator

7

How are films, photography and music copyrighted?

automatically on creation

8

What is the exception to copyright laws?

Educational use (eg research or private study)
Sources must be acknowledged

9

What stops an original design from being copied?

Design right

10

What does design right protect?

how something looks

11

How long is something protected for with a design right?

25 years

12

When is a patent used?

When the invention is something that can be made or used

13

What does a patent protect?

How an invention works/what it does

14

How long do patents last?

up to 20 years

15

What must an invention have to be allowed a patent?

Must have required a step not obvious to someone else with knowledge and experience on the same subject

16

What inventions cannot be patented?

scientific and mathematical equations
some computer programs

17

What does a trademark protect?

The name or logo used to identify a business or product

18

What can be a trademark?

name, logo, domain name, slogan, shape, sound

19

In what year was the computer misuse act made?

1990

20

What is the maximum penalty for committing an offence under the computer misuse act?

a fine or prison sentence depending on the severity of the offence

21

What are the three offences under the computer misuse act, in order of severity?

1. unauthorised access to computer material (eg data, programs)
2. unauthorised access with the intent to commit or facilitate further offences
3. unauthorised modification of computer material

22

Which act amended part of the computer misuse act in 2006?

sections 35-38 of the police and justice act

23

What is cracking and hacking?

illegally breaking into a computer system

24

What does DPA stand for?

data protection act 1984 and 1998

25

What is personal data?

Data which relates to a living person and can be used to identify them

26

What is a data controller?

a person who decides why and how personal data is processed

27

What is a data processor?

a person who processes data on behalf of a data controller