Chapter 10 Trauma and Mobile Imaging Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Trauma and Mobile Imaging Deck (13):
1

When called to the emergency room, supplies needed may include:

Gloves, mask, protective gown, goggles

2

List the guidelines that you should follow when caring for a patient with a traumatic injury.

1. Do not remove splints
2. Do not remove from stretcher or backboard
3. Never move neck or collar with cervical trauma
4. Request direction from ER when planning moves
5. Do not disturb impaled objects
6. Do not remove pneumatic aftershock garments
7. Have emergency stuff ready (oxygen etc... )
8. Work quickly and effectively

3

List the possible members of the emergency room health care team.

ER Physician
2 ER RN
Respiratory therapist
Anesthesiologist
general surgeon (or specialty)
Pediatric RN
Radiology Tech
Phlebotomist
Admitting clerk
House supervisor

4

A radiographer must consider that all patients with head injuries may also have:

Cervical spine injury

5

What precautions must be followed when taking radiographic exposures of a patient who has a head injury?

-Keep the head and neck immobilized until the physician in charge rules out cervical spine injury
-wear sterile gloves if patient has open wounds
-check patient's vital signs frequently

6

What precautions must a radiographer take when caring for a patient with a fractured extremity?

-Support the joint above and below the fracture and at the joints if moving a splinted limb.
-Do not remove splints without the direction of the physician in charge.
-Inform the patient before moving the fractured

7

You have been assigned to radiograph Mr. J. J. He has been transported by the local police to the emergency room of the hospital in which you are employed. He is complaining of severe pain in his right leg. As you approach the patient, you notice that he is walking rapidly up and down the corridor. His head is bent and he is talking rapidly to persons who are not present. He occasionally stops, looks up at the ceiling, and shouts that he has to “get them.” Your best manner of dealing with this situation would be to do what?

Get an assistant, approach the patient from his or her side, stop slightly away from the patient, and explain your purpose.

8

List the factors that you must consider when caring for the patient with acute abdominal distress.

blunt or penetrating trauma
appendicitis
bleeding ulcers
ectopic pregnancy
cholecystitis
pancreatitis
bowel obstruction

9

Special care is necessary when caring for a patient whose brain or spinal cord might be injured because:

These tissues have very little ability to heal

10

What is the leading cause of death for all persons under 44 years of age?

Trauma

11

List some causes of injuries.

drowning
car accident
pedestrian accident
falls
assault
blunt trauma
choking
work accidents
smoke
sports

12

List the basic rules in trauma radiography

assess
action plan
determine mobility
explain procedure
determine equipment needed
2 images at 90 degrees per body image
include all anatomy

13

Explain when the cervical collar may be removed on a trauma patient.

if the doctors order it removed