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Personal Construct Theory

Kelly's description of personality in terms of cognitive processes:

we are capable of interpreting behaviors and events and of using this understanding to guide our behavior and to predict the behavior of other people

1

Each person creates a set of cog...... constructs about the environment.

We interpret and organize the events and social relationships of our lives in a sy.... or pattern.

On the basis of this pattern, we make pre......... about ourselves and about other people and events, and we use these pre........ to formulate our responses and guide our actions.

Therefore, to understand personality, we must first understand our patterns, the ways we organize or construct our world.

According to Kelly, our interpretation of events is more important than the...?

Each person creates a set of cognitive constructs about the environment.

We interpret and organize the events and social relationships of our lives in a system or pattern.

On the basis of this pattern, we make predictions about ourselves and about other people and events, and we use these predictions to formulate our responses and guide our actions.

Therefore, to understand personality, we must first understand our patterns,Netherlands ways we organize or construct our world.

According to Kelly, our interpretation of events is more important than the events themselves.

2

Kelly was (for or against) the behavioral and the psychoanalytic approaches to the study of personality.

Against!!!

He viewed them both as denying the human ability to take charge of our lives, make our own decisions, and pursue our chosen course of action

3

Like scientists, all of us construct theories, which Kelly called p....... C........., by which we try to predict and control the events in our lives.

He proposed that the way to understand someone's personality is to examine his or her p....... C.........

Personal constructs

4

Kelly's approach is that of a clinician dealing with the conscious constructs by which people arrange their lives.

In contrast, cognitive psychologists are interested in both cognitive variables and overt behavior, which they study primarily in an e..........., not a clinical, setting.

Experimental

5

Construct

Is a person's unique way of looking at life, an intellectual hypothesis devised to explain or interpret events.

6

Construct alternativism

The view that we are not controlled by our constructs but we are free to revise or replace them with other alternatives

7

Range of convenience

-part of the range corollary

The spectrum of events to which a construct can be applied.

Some constructs are relevant to a limited number of people or situations

Other constructs are broader

-the construct tall v.s. Short...... It can be useful with respect to buildings, trees, or people. But it is of no value in describing pizza or the weather

The range of convenience or relevance for a construct is a matter of personal choice.

8

Permeability

-part of modulation corollary

The idea that constructs can be revised and extended in light of new experiences

An impermeable or rigid construct is not capable of being changed
-is a barrier to learning and to new ideas because it is incapable of being changed or revised

9

The fragmentation corollary

Contradictory construct.

View something in two ways that are different depending on the situation

-person inside v.s. Outside of class