Chapter 12 Study Section Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Study Section Deck (12):
1

anthracosis

coal dust accumulates in the lungs

2

asbestosis

asbestos particles accumulate in the lungs

3

bacilli

rod-shaped bacteria (cause of tuberculosis)

4

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Chronic condition of persistent obstruction of air flow through bronchial tubes and lungs. COPD is caused by smoking, air pollution, chronic infection, and , in a minority of cases, asthma

5

cor pulmonale

failure of the right side of the heart to pump a sufficient amount of blood to the lungs because of underlying lung disease

6

exudates

fluid, cells, and other substances (pus) that filter from cells or capillaries ooze into lesions or areas of inflammation

7

hydrothorax

collection of fluid or other material within the lung, as seen on a chest film, CT scan, or other radiologic image

8

palliative

relieving symptoms, but not curing the disease

9

paroxysmal

pertaining to a sudden occurrence, such as spasm or seizure; oxysm/o means sudden

10

pulmonary infarction

area of necrosis (death of lung tissue)

11

purulent

containing pus

12

silicosis

disease due to silica or glass dust in the lungs; occurs in mining occupations