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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Test Deck (36)
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1

When did Roman persecutions begin? Under what Roman emperor?

A.D 64
Nero

2

What did the Christians refuse to do?

Refused to pay homage to the Roman gods and refused to serve in the military.

3

What did Nero blame Christians for?

A great fire that destroyed much of Rome, he then began to kill them.

4

Who was martyred under Nero?

Peter and Paul

5

When did the last Roman persecution occur? Under who? What was their objective?

A.D 303
Diocletian
Planned to remove every trace of Christianity in the world.

6

What do the martyrs teach us?

Never be ashamed of being a witness in our words and deeds on behalf of Jesus.

7

What happened through the witness of martyrs?

God's plan unfolded and the church grew and spread.

8

In what century did the most martyrs occur?

20th century

9

Are Christians still persecuted today?

Yes

10

Who was Dorothy?

Young woman who joined the Ursulines and she was chosen for the Cleveland mission and traveled to El Salvador.

11

What did sister Dorothy do in El Salvador?

Helped people learn Catholic Doctrine and receive the sacraments and educate those who were poor to promote their health.

12

What happened to sister Dorothy?

Was murdered on her way home in December 1980

13

Who was the emperor in the fourth century?

Constantine

14

How was the Christian church by the time Constantine became emperor?

The Christian church and communities were in every part of the empire.

15

What was Constantine worried about?

Division that occurred in the Roman Empire that were between Christians and those who opposed them

16

What did Christianity go from to becoming?

Went from being forbidden to being the official religion of Rome

17

What did Christians do to continue the witness of martyrs after the persecutions ended?

Went to live in the dessert to practice self denial.

18

Person who imitates the early life of Saint Anthony; eats very little food each day and appreciates silence; spends a lot of time praying, does penance, and makes sacrifices

Hermit

19

Someone who joined Saint Anthony; lives alone in a hut and joins the others in prayers

Monk

20

Clase teaching that rejects a truth that has been revealed by God and taught by the church

Heresy

21

Someone who believe or teaches a heresy

Heretic

22

What did arias do?

Created the Arian heresy that denied that Jesus was both human and divine

23

Local bishops gathering for a meeting

Synod

24

What did Constantine call for in 325? What question did they want to answer?

General meeting in Nicaea
Is Jesus both God and man?

25

What did the council of Nicaea create?

Nicene Creed: clearly states that Jesus is both human and divine

26

What did the 381 council of Constantinople do?

Expanded the Nicene creed and defined the divine nature of the Holy Spirit

27

What did Nestorius do?

Created the Nestorian heresy that stated that Jesus was 2 people

28

What did the council of Ephesus do?

Declared Jesus was one person with 2 natures: human and divine and declared that Mary was the mother of God

29

Who called forth courages leaders to explain the message of Jesus?

Holy Spirit

30

What did the Fathers of the church do?

Wrote letters, homilies, and books about faith and defended the Gospel against heresy

31

Had inspiring sermons

John Chrysostom

32

Tried to improve the relationship between the Eastern and Western churches

Basil

33

Wrote letters to Christian communities, while being taken to Rome to be martyred

Ignatius

34

What did Constantine do as he headed into battle in A.D 312?

Placed Christian symbol on the shields of his soldiers

35

What did Constantine do or decide after he won the battle?

Took as a sign that the Christian God was supporting them

36

What did Constantine decree? What did this decree state?

Edict of Milan (313)
Christianity was no longer a forbidden religion