Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (30):
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Role

Something that plays part in a process

1

Establish

To bring into existence

2

Fjord

A narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs of steep slopes

3

Missionaries

People who are sent by a religious organization to spread the faith

4

Concordat

agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country

5

Feudalism

political order; under feudalism, nobles governed and protected people in return for services

6

Vassal

A low-ranking noble under the protection of feudal lord

7

Fief

A feudal estate belonging to a vassal

8

Knight

A mounted man-at-arms serving a lord

9

military

relating to soldiers, arms, or war

10

chivalry

the system, spirit, or customs of medieval knighthood

11

serf

member of the peasant class tied to the land and subject to the will of the landowner

12

guild

a group of merchants or craftspeople

13

Grand jury

a group of citizens that meets to decide whether people should be accused of a crime

14

Trial jury

a group of citizens that decides whether an accused person is innocent or guilty

15

Document

an original or official paper used as the basis or proof of something

16

Cooperate

To work together

17

Accurate

Correct and free from errors

18

Secure

Free from danger

19

Theology

the study of religious faith, practice, and experience

20

Scholasticism

a way of thinking that combined faith and reason

21

Goal

something that a person works to achieve; aim

22

Vernacular

the everyday spoken language of a region

23

Mass

religious worship service for Catholic Christians

24

Heresy

a religious belief that contradicts what the church says is true

25

Anti- Semitism

hostility toward or discrimination against Jews

26

Plague

a disease that spreads quickly and kills many people

27

Economy

a country's system for the making, selling, and buying of goods and services

28

Authority

the power to influence or command thought, opinion, or behavior

29

Reconquista

the Christian "reconquest" of the Iberian Peninsula