Chapter 13: THE PRESIDENT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13: THE PRESIDENT Deck (31):
1

formal qualifications and historical characteristics of the president

-formal-
Natural born citizen
At least 35
Resident of U.S 14 years prior to election
-historical-
Political/military experience
Married
White male
Protestant
Northern European ancestry

2

What is a term? And what is tenure?

Term-fixed/limited period for which something lasts or is intended to last
Tenure-the holding of an office

3

What did the founding fathers create?

Single executive elected indirectly through an electoral college

4

How long do presidents serve? And what is the 22nd amendment?

Serve 2 four year terms


No limit to the # of terms a president could serve (now it's two)
Limits presidential terms to 2

5

What is the max # of years and max # of terms a president can serve?

Years-10
Terms-2

6

What does the constitution not state when dealing with succession and disability? And when did the tradition begin?

That the VP becomes PRES

The death of W.H Harrison

7

What is the 25th amendment and when was it passed?

-After the assassination of jfk
~States that VP must take over presidential duties and NOMINATE a new VP to take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both houses of congress
~if the president is unable to perform the duties of his office , the VP may become the "acting president"------PRESIDENTIAL DISABILITY -- they get removed

8

DOESNT MATTER

25th amendment was used for the first time when Gerald ford replaced spiro agnewas Nixons VP in 1973

Ford then went on to be the only president to not be elected to the office

9

Another way the VP assumes presidency duties?
Also what can the president do? And then the congress to override that and how long?

-President informs congress of inability to perform duties
-VP and a majority of the Cabinet inform congress(written) that the president can't perform his duties
-PRES may reassume duties upon informing congress that the disability no longer exists
- if VP and majority of the cabinet disagree , Congress has 21 days to decide by a 2/3rd vote in both houses

10

What is the order of presidential succession?

VP
SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE
PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE
CABINET POSITIONS
~is the order they were created starting with the Secretary of State
*currently 18 ppl in line for the presidency

11

What is impeachment? And what is removal ?

Constitution allows removal of PRES from office through impeachment process

Impeachment involves bringing charges of wrongdoing against a government official

Removal

12

The constitution gives which house of Congress the ability to impeach who?

Constitution gives the HOE the authority to impeach the president/VP for "Treason, Bribery, or Other High Crimes & Misdemeanors"

13

Which house of congress sits in judgment of the charges? And who presides over the trial? And how many votes does the conviction required for which house of congress?

The senate sits in judgment of the charges
And the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presides over the trial and conviction requires a 2/3 vote of the Senate

14

Constitutionally what are the VP's duties?

Preside over the SENATE, casting tie-braking votes if necessary

Help determine presidential disability under the 25th amendment and take over the presidency if necessary

15

Do VP have the same formal qualifications as the PRES?

Yes

16

How is the choice of nominee for VP influenced? And what is the idea behind it

It's influenced by the party's desire to balance the ticket

The idea is to improve a presidential candidates choice of winning the election by choosing someone that is different enough to broaden appeal

17

Do VP Have a larger role in gov now or in the past?

NOW

18

?????????)¿??????????????????What are the presidential powers?

(Article 2)
Power of the president

The powers of the modern presidency have been shaped by the men that have held the position and used these powers

19

Who is the executive branch comprised of and what are the executive powers?

Executive branch - PRES, VP, CABINET MEMBERS

Enforce laws, treaties and court decisions
Issue executive orders to carry out policies
Appoints officials, removes officials
Assumes emergency power
Presides over the cabinet and executive branch

20

Legislative powers of the president

Gives annual State of the Union message(constitutionally required) where the legislative agenda for the year is given

Issues annual budget and economic reports

Signs or vetoes bills

Proposes legislation and uses influence to get it passed

Calls special sessions of congress

21

Diplomatic powers of president

Appoints ambassadors & other diplomats
Negotiates treaties and executive agreements
Meets with foreign leaders in international conferences
Accords diplomatic recognition to foreign governments
Receives foreign dignitaries (foreign high rank officer)

22

Military powers of president




CURRENTLY ON THIS ONE

Serves as commander-in-chief of armed forces

Final decision making authority in national & foreign defense matters

Provides for domestic order

War powers resolution (1973)-must inform congress within 48 hours and can commit troops for 60 days , plus 30 day withdrawal
Internet definition
Federal law intended to check the presidential

23

What are the presidents judicial powers?

Appoints members of the federal judiciary
Grants
reprieves(cancel or postpone punishment)
Pardons(forgive as if it didn't happen)
Amnesty(group pardon)
* expunged like it never happened

24

What are the presidents party powers?

Recognized leader of the party

Chooses VP nominee

Strengthens party by helping members get elected
(Coattails)
Appoints party members to gov positions (patronage)
Influences party policy/platform

25

What are the limitations of presidential power? Checks and balances

Congressional checks
Judicial checks
Political checks

26

What are congressional checks ?

Override the presidential vetoes

Power of the purse

Congressional budget and impoundment control act ( 1974)-created standing budget committees

Power of impeachment

Approval power over appointments

Limiting power through legislation(war powers act)

Legislative vetoes (not since 1983)

27

What is the power of the purse

Influence that legislatures have over public policy because of their power to vote money for public purposes. (Agency and executive branch program budgets must be authorized and appropriated by congress)

28

Judicial checks of the president

Judicial review of executive actions
MARBURY V MADISON

29

What is MARBURY vs Madison?

LLLOOOOKKK ATTT HOOOMMMEEE

30

What are the political checks of the president ?

Public opinion
Media attention
Popularity

31

Presidential character chart made by who & why was it importance and what are the four types

Political scientist
James David barber
Importance of a presidents personality and character
Classifying presidents into four types based on childhood and experiences
Active positive negative passive