Chapter 14: Infection Prevention and Control; Key Terms Flashcards Preview

Nursing 1111 Principles and Practices > Chapter 14: Infection Prevention and Control; Key Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14: Infection Prevention and Control; Key Terms Deck (66)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

Airborne Precautions

A

Safeguards designed to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious agents through the air a person breathes

2
Q

Antibody

A

Immunoglobulins, essential to the immune system, that are produced by lymphoid tissue in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens

3
Q

Antigen

A

Substance, usually a protein, that causes the formation of an antibody and reacts specifically with that antibody

4
Q

Asepsis

A

Absence of germs or microorganisms

5
Q

Aseptic Technique

A

Any health care procedure in which added precautions are used to prevent contamination of a person, object, or area by microorganisms

6
Q

Asymptomatic

A

Clinical signs and symptoms are not present

7
Q

Carriers

A

Person or animals who harbor and spread an organism that causes disease in others but do not become ill

8
Q

Colonization

A

The presence and multiplication of microorganisms without tissue invasion or damage

9
Q

Communicable Disease

A

Any disease that can be transmitted from one person or animal to another by direct or indirect contact or by vectors

10
Q

Contact Precautions

A

Safeguards designed to reduce the risk of transmission of epidemiologically important microorganisms by direct or indirect contact

11
Q

Disinfection

A

Process of destroying all pathogenic organisms, except spores

12
Q

Droplet Precautions

A

Safeguards designed to reduce the risk of droplet transmission of infectious agents

13
Q

Endogenous Infection

A

Infections produced within a cell or organism

14
Q

Exogenous Infection

A

Infection originating outside an organ or part

15
Q

Flora

A

Microorganisms that live on or within a body to compete with disease-producing microorganisms and provide a natural immunity against certain infections

16
Q

Health Care-Acquired Infection (HAI)

A

An infection that was not present or incubating at the time of admission to a health care setting

17
Q

Immunity

A

The quality of being insusceptible to or unaffected by a particular disease or condition

18
Q

Infection

A

The invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that reproduce and multiply

19
Q

Inflammation

A

Protective response of body tissues to irritation or injury

20
Q

Inflammatory Response

A

Protective reaction that neutralizes pathogens and repairs body cells

21
Q

Medical Asepsis

A

Clean techniques that includes procedures to reduce the number and prevent the spread of microorganisms

22
Q

Microorganisms

A

Microscopic entities, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, capable of carrying on living processes

23
Q

Necrotic

A

Of or pertaining to the death of tissue in response to disease or injury

24
Q

Pathogenicity

A

Ability of a pathogenic agent to produce a disease

25
Q

Pathogens

A

Microorganisms capable of producing disease

26
Q

Reservoir

A

A place where microorganisms survive, multiply, and await transfer to a susceptible host

27
Q

Standard Precautions

A

Guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to reduce the risk of transmission of blood-borne and other pathogens in hospitals

28
Q

Sterilization

A

Technique for destroying microorganisms using heat, water, chemicals, or gases

29
Q

Suprainfection

A

Secondary infection usually caused by an opportunistic pathogen

30
Q

Surgical Asepsis

A

Procedures used to eliminate any microorganisms from an area. Also called sterile technique

31
Q

Symptomatic

A

Pathogens multiply and cause clinical signs and symptoms

32
Q

Transmission-Based Precautions

A

Patients with communicable diseases and infections that are easily transmissible to others require special precautions

33
Q

Virulence

A

The ability of an organism to rapidly produce disease

34
Q

Airborne Precautions

A

Safeguards designed to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious agents through the air a person breathes

35
Q

Antibody

A

Immunoglobulins, essential to the immune system, that are produced by lymphoid tissue in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens

36
Q

Antigen

A

Substance, usually a protein, that causes the formation of an antibody and reacts specifically with that antibody

37
Q

Asepsis

A

Absence of germs or microorganisms

38
Q

Aseptic Technique

A

Any health care procedure in which added precautions are used to prevent contamination of a person, object, or area by microorganisms

39
Q

Asymptomatic

A

Clinical signs and symptoms are not present

40
Q

Carriers

A

Person or animals who harbor and spread an organism that causes disease in others but do not become ill

41
Q

Colonization

A

The presence and multiplication of microorganisms without tissue invasion or damage

42
Q

Communicable Disease

A

Any disease that can be transmitted from one person or animal to another by direct or indirect contact or by vectors

43
Q

Contact Precautions

A

Safeguards designed to reduce the risk of transmission of epidemiologically important microorganisms by direct or indirect contact

44
Q

Disinfection

A

Process of destroying all pathogenic organisms, except spores

45
Q

Droplet Precautions

A

Safeguards designed to reduce the risk of droplet transmission of infectious agents

46
Q

Endogenous Infection

A

Infections produced within a cell or organism

47
Q

Exogenous Infection

A

Infection originating outside an organ or part

48
Q

Flora

A

Microorganisms that live on or within a body to compete with disease-producing microorganisms and provide a natural immunity against certain infections

49
Q

Health Care-Acquired Infection (HAI)

A

An infection that was not present or incubating at the time of admission to a health care setting

50
Q

Immunity

A

The quality of being insusceptible to or unaffected by a particular disease or condition

51
Q

Infection

A

The invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that reproduce and multiply

52
Q

Inflammation

A

Protective response of body tissues to irritation or injury

53
Q

Inflammatory Response

A

Protective reaction that neutralizes pathogens and repairs body cells

54
Q

Medical Asepsis

A

Clean techniques that includes procedures to reduce the number and prevent the spread of microorganisms

55
Q

Microorganisms

A

Microscopic entities, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, capable of carrying on living processes

56
Q

Necrotic

A

Of or pertaining to the death of tissue in response to disease or injury

57
Q

Pathogenicity

A

Ability of a pathogenic agent to produce a disease

58
Q

Pathogens

A

Microorganisms capable of producing disease

59
Q

Reservoir

A

A place where microorganisms survive, multiply, and await transfer to a susceptible host

60
Q

Standard Precautions

A

Guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to reduce the risk of transmission of blood-borne and other pathogens in hospitals

61
Q

Sterilization

A

Technique for destroying microorganisms using heat, water, chemicals, or gases

62
Q

Suprainfection

A

Secondary infection usually caused by an opportunistic pathogen

63
Q

Surgical Asepsis

A

Procedures used to eliminate any microorganisms from an area. Also called sterile technique

64
Q

Symptomatic

A

Pathogens multiply and cause clinical signs and symptoms

65
Q

Transmission-Based Precautions

A

Patients with communicable diseases and infections that are easily transmissible to others require special precautions

66
Q

Virulence

A

The ability of an organism to rapidly produce disease

Decks in Nursing 1111 Principles and Practices Class (485):