Chapter 16 - Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Endocrine System Deck (44):
1

endocrin/o

endocrine glands or system

2

pituitar/i

pituitary gland, hypophysis

3

hypophysi/o

pituitary gland, hypophysis

4

thyr/o, thyroid/o

thyroid gland

5

parathyr/o, parathyroid/o

parathyroid gland

6

adren/o, adrenal/l

adrenal gland, epinephrine

7

adrenocortic/o

adrenal cortex

8

insul/o

pancreatic islets

9

BPH

benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)

10

DRE

digital rectal examination

11

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

12

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

13

ACTH

adrenocorticotropic hormone
(anterior pituitary)
Stimulates adrenal cortex to produce cortical hormones; aids in protecting body in stress situations (injury, pain).

14

ADH

antidiuretic hormone
(posterior pituitary)
Promotes water reabsorption in kidney, causes blood vessels to constrict.

15

DM

diabetes mellitus

16

FBS

fasting blood sugar

17

GH

growth hormone
(anterior pituitary)
Promotes growth of all body tissues.

18

TSH

thyroid-stimulating hormone
(anterior pituitary)

19

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone
(anterior pituitary)
Growth and hormonal activity of ovarian follicles; growth of testes; sperm cell development.

20

LH

luteinizing hormone
(anterior pituitary)
Development of corpus luteum in female; testosterone secretion in male

21

PRL

prolactin
(anterior pituitary)
Stimulates milk secretion by mammary glands.

22

oxytocin

(posterior pituitary)
Causes uterine contractions; milk ejection from mammary glands.

23

T4 - thyroxine (tetraiodothyronine)
T3 - triiodothryonine

(thyroid)
Increase metabolic rate and heat production, influence physical and mental activities, required for normal growth.

24

parathyroid hormone

(parathyroid)
Regulates calcium exchange between blood and bones; increases blood calcium levels.

25

cortisol

(adrenal cortex)
Aids in metabolism of carbs, proteins, and fats; active during stress.

26

aldosterone

(adrenal cortex)
Aids in regulating electrolytes and water balance.

27

sex hormones

(adrenal cortex)
May influence secondary sexual characteristics.

28

epinephrine

(adrenal medulla)
Response to stress; increases respiration, BP, and heart rate.

29

insulin

(pancreatic islet)
Aids glucose transport into cells; decreases blood sugar levels.

30

glucagon

(pancreatic islet)
Stimulates liver to release glucose, thereby increasing blood sugar levels.

31

melatonin

(pineal)
Regulates mood, sexual development, and daily cycles.

32

testosterone

(testis)
Growth and development of sexual organs, stimulates maturation of sperm cells.

33

estrogen

(ovary)
Growth of primary sexual organs.

34

progesterone

(ovary)
Prepares uterine lining for implantation of fertilized ovum; maintaining pregnancy, development of mammary glands secretory tissue.

35

anterior pituitary gland

GH
TSH
ACTH
FSH
LH
PRL

36

posterior pituitary gland

ADH
oxytocin

37

thyroid gland

T4
T3

38

parathyroid gland

parathyroid hormone

39

adrenal cortex

cortisol
aldosterone
sex hormones

40

pancreatic islet

insulin
glucagon

41

adrenal medulla

epinephrine

42

pineal gland

melatonin

43

testis

testosterone

44

ovary

estrogen
progesterone