Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (14):
Building block of protein.
Nutrient that usually is the body's main source of energy.
Occurs when enzymes and other chemicals break down large food molecules into smaller ones.
Liquid product of digestion.
A type of protein that regulates nearly all chemical reactions in the body without being changed or used up itself.
Nutrient that stores energy, cushions organs, and helps the body absorb vitamins.
Group of foods (such as bread, cereal, rice, and pasta) containing the same type of nutrients.
Breakdown of foods through chewing, mixing, and churning.
Inorganic nutrient that regulates many chemical reactions in the body.
Substances in foods (proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water) that provide energy and materials for cell development, growth, and development.
Waves of muscular contractions that move food through the digestive tract.
Large module that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur and is made up of amniotic acids; used by the body for growth and for replacement and repair of body cells.
Fingerlike projections covering the wall of the small intestine that increase the surface area for food absorption.