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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (27)
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1

Psychological health

The sum of how we think, feel, relate, and exist in our day-to-day lives.
Includes mental, emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions

2

5 levels of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Self actualization
Esteem needs
Social needs
Security needs
Survival needs

3

Self-actualization

Top level of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Creativity, spirituality, fulfillment of potential

4

Esteem needs

Self-respect, respect for others, accomplishment

5

Social needs

Belonging, affection, acceptance

6

Security needs

Shelter, safety, protection

7

Survival needs

Food, water, sleep, exercise, sexual expression

8

Mental health

The "thinking" or "rational" dimension of our health.

9

Intellectual health

A subset of mental health in which a person has the ability to learn and use information effectively and strive for continued growth

10

Emotional health

The feeling, or subjective, side of psychological health

11

Emotions

Intensified feelings or complex patterns of feelings that we experience on a regular basis, including love, hate, frustration, anxiety, and joy

12

Emotions are described as the interplay of what four components

Physiological arousal, feelings, cognitive (thought process), and behavioral reactions

13

Emotional intelligence

The ability to identify, use, understand, and manage one's own emotions in positive and constructive ways

14

Social health

Aspect of psychological health that includes interactions with others, ability to use social supports, and ability to adapt to various situations

15

Social bonds

The level of closeness and attachment that we develop with individuals

16

Self efficacy

A persons belief about whether he or she can successfully engage in and execute a specific behavior

17

Self-esteem

One's realistic sense of self-respect or self-worth.

18

Learned helplessness

Pattern of responding to situations by giving up because of repeated failure in the past

19

Victimology

Blaming ones problems on other people and circumstances

20

Learned optimism

Teaching oneself to think positively

21

Defense mechanisms

Strategies we unconsciously use to distort our present reality to help avoid anxiety

22

Personality

The unique mix of characteristics that distinguishes you from others

23

The five-factor model (personality theory)

Agreeableness
Openness
Neuroticism
Conscientiousness
Extroversion

24

Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)

The study of the interactions of behavioral, neutral, and endocrine unctions and the functioning of the body's immune system

25

Subjective well-being

The uplifting feeling or inner peace or an overall "feel good" state, which includes happiness

26

Subjective well being is defined by what three central components

Satisfaction with present life
Relative presence of positive emotions
Relative a sense of negative emotions

27

Five elements of well-being that help humans flourish

Positive emotion
Engagement
Relationships
Meaning
Accomplishment